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When he came down to the place where the camel knelt , the Prophetﷺ asked, “Whose house is next to here?” Immediately Abu Ayyub (R) said, “O Prophet, this is my house”. Your vehicle is standing near the steps of this house. Immediately the Prophetﷺ said. OK. Then make arrangements to stay there. It can be seen like this in another narration. The camel of the Prophetﷺ first knelt down and then jumped a little distance and looked at all directions. Then came back to the same place. It lay down with his hands stretched forward. Then the Prophet understood that this is the place where the camel was ordered by Allah the Almighty to kneel. At that time Abu Ayyubul Ansari was standing nearby. He welcomed the Prophetﷺ to home. Just then, little girls from the neighborhood came with duff and started singing.
“Nahnu banatun min bani Najjari
Yahabbada Muhammadun Min Jari.”
(We are the daughters of Banu Nnajjar
Sing welcoming auspicious songs
How lucky to have arrived
The Prophet Muhammadﷺ is a good neighbour)
The Prophetﷺ who heard the songs
asked, Do you love me? don’t you? The children said. Yes. Prophetﷺ was very happy. He said Allah is the witness, I love you too. He repeated this three times.
Abu Ayyub’s stay in this house was not just a coincidence. In other words, the Prophetﷺ was not just a guest on his generosity. It was a house that was waiting for the beloved Prophetﷺ. The story goes like this.
Among the rulers of Himyar, Tubbau first reached Madeena during a journey with four hundred scholars. His full name was Tubbau bin As’ad Abu Karb. After reaching Madeena all the scholars refused to leave Madinah. The king inquired about the reason. They said. This is the land where the final Prophet named Ahmad and Muhammad will reach Madeena after migration. This is how we understand from the Vedas. We are standing here hoping that we or our descendants can see that Prophet. The king was curious. The king also stayed in Madeena for a few days. Houses were built for four hundred scholars and marriages were arranged. And he built a house for the promised Prophet to live in when he arrive. Then he wrote a letter stating his faith and gave it to the top scholar of the group with a gold seal. The contents of the letter was as follows.
“I bear witness that Ahmad is the Prophet
Sent by the God, Who is the Creator
To see if I get a chance to be with him
“I am the servant who walks along with him.”
The house was handed over to Abu Ayyubil Ansari. It is also seen in a not so strong narrative that the letter sent by the king was handed over to the Prophetﷺ.
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The house of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari was a house with an upper floor. When the Prophetﷺ came, he asked the Prophetﷺ to stay upstairs. I’ll stay down. The Prophetﷺ replied. Abu Ayyub and his wife were forced to stay upstairs. But they could not continue it. They were afraid that every movement of them would cause some difficulties to the Prophetﷺ. Then one night their water bowl fell to ground and was broken. They took the only one blanket they had and wiped the water. They did not sleep until dawn. When the Prophetﷺ knew this matter, he accepted the request of the householder. Accommodation shifted to first floor.
The wife will prepare the food. The householder will take it and serve it the Prophetﷺ. If he eats from it and leaves the rest, both of them will compete to take the rest from the part that the Prophetﷺ touched. One day they cooked a meal with onion. As usual, it was brought to the beloved Prophetﷺ. Abu Ayyubil Ansari says; when I went to get the bowl, it was there. Not a single piece was taken from it. Abu Ayyub asked. Why didn’t you take the dinner today? There is no sign of your hand touching it? Usually, my wife and I compete for the part your hand touch, hoping for blessings. What happened today? He did not say any negative comments. He said this gently. Am I always talking to people? Then the smell of that onion will be difficult for them. No problem. You eat it. Abu Ayyub says. We ate it. But that item of food never prepared at that home.
This is an experience that illuminates all the beauty of the life and character of the beloved Prophetﷺ.
Zaid bin Thabit says, I was the first person to bring food for the Prophetﷺ. I came with a bowl of food like milk, bread and ghee. Then I said that my mother has sent me with the food. Then he offered a blessing prayer and called his followers and served the food for them. It wasn’t long before Sa’d bin Ubadah brought food in a covered bowl carrying on the head of an attendant. I slowly opened it and looked. Good “Sareed” and meat with bones. For seven months when the Prophetﷺ stayed at his house, three or four people would arrive at his door everyday with different dishes.
Abu Ayyub’s wife was once asked. Which food was the most liked by the Prophetﷺ? He was in your house. She said. He did not tell to prepare a special meal. Did not blame any food. Abu Ayyub says that “Hareed” (a special food) was seen eating with great interest. Every day from five to sixteen people would have dinner with the Prophetﷺ.
After the death of Abu Ayyubil Ansari, the house was given to his caretaker Aflah, who sold it to Mughirat bin Abdur Rahman for one thousand dinars. It was later bought by Shihabuddin Al Gazi, the son of the righteous ruler Nuruddin Al Zinki. It was converted into a madrasa under the name of Al Madrasatu Sihabiyyah. Later, in the work of the masjid in 13 Hijra, it became Zawiyatul Junaidi. Now it has become a part of the southeast corner of Masjidunnabawi.
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The migration reached Madeena. The Prophetﷺ and the Muhajirs who had arrived earlier lived happily in Madeena under the hospitality of the people of Madeena. Some thoughts about the migration from Mecca to Madeena can be read here. There is a question as to why the Prophetﷺ left Mecca secretly and Umar traveled openly. Avoiding conflict was also an interest of the Prophetﷺ. But Umar’s journey in public was to convince that the journey from Mecca to Madeena was a preparation for a mission and not a cowardly escape.
There have also been migrations in the preaching methods of earlier prophets. The migration of the Prophets Ibrahim, Ismail and Moosa(A) was a turning point in their mission. Hijra was a historical necessity at one stage of the Prophetic mission. Hijra can be considered as a teaching stage following concentration/residence in the cave of Hira, public announcement, suffering through submission, and gathered group spirit.
There are those who have compared the migration to a virgin who has been sent away in marriage from the bride’s house coming to a new home and forming new stages of life’s development. Shah Waliyullahi Addahlawi introduced the Hijra as a survival of idealism. History testified that Hijra was a migration to change not only Madeena but also the course of the world itself. Hijra was a step forward to change or modernize the practices that existed in all areas of the world until then.
There is a question of how Islam, which faced a crisis in Mecca, influenced Madeena as a music. Scholars have observed social and anthropological differences. Mecca is a region of arrogant people and traders. But Madeena is the land of farmers and humble people. These differences were visible in all aspects of their lives. History has not introduced a single person like Abu Jahl, Utba and Shaiba from the land of Madeena. Even today, this difference can be seen in the attitudes of the basic inhabitants of Mecca and Madeena. The Meccans were ahead than the inhabitants of Madeena in terms of leadership qualities. That is why all the four who were chosen as caliphs after the Prophetﷺ, were from Mecca. Their follower Muawiya was also from Mecca.
Further reading of the Prophet’s history is possible only by keeping the soil and mind of Madeena together. The earth and heaven of Madeena and the karma land of the last prophet were determined in advance as his resting place. This journey of knowledge can only proceed after reading the city of light with its name and the deep-seated values.
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Let’s start our journey in Madeena by seeing the magnificence of Madeena. The earlier name of this area was Yathrib. Yathrib, who was a descendant of Prophet Noah(A), founded this place. From that such a name came into being. The Prophetﷺ named Madeena which means town. Imam Bukhari narrates from Abu Hurairah(R) that the Prophetﷺ said: ‘I have been commanded to go to a land that devours (conquers) all lands. People call it Yathrib. It is Madeena’. Madeena will remove the impurities from it just as the iron remove the slag from the iron.
With the advent of the Prophetﷺ, Madeena was renamed Madeenatu Rasool or the City of the Messenger of Allah. Allah made Madeena safe and holy just as He made Mecca safe and holy. It can be seen in the hadeeth narrated by Imam Muslim that the Prophetﷺ said: “Ibraheem(A) made Mecca sacred, and I also made Madeena sacred.” Abu Humaid(R) says: When we were returning from Tabuk with the Prophetﷺ and Madeena came into our sight, the Prophetﷺ said: This is Twaiba (Holy Land). (Bukhari).
Sufyan(R) says: I heard the Prophetﷺ say. Yemen will be conquered. Then a group of people will bring the vehicles at high speed. They will leave Madeena with their families and those who follow them. Madeena is best for them if they know. Syria: will also be conquered. Then a group of people will come with speeding vehicles. They will take their families and those who follow them and leave Madeena. Had they been wise, Madeena would have been better for them. Iraq will also be conquered. Even then, a group of people will speed up the vehicles. They will leave Madeena with their families and those who follow them. Madeena is best for them if they had knowledge. (Bukhari).
Imam Bukhari narrates from Jabir(R). A villager made a promise to the Prophetﷺ that he would come and live according to Islam. The next day he was sick with fever. He came to the Prophetﷺ and said: Allow me to nullify my covenant. He repeated it three times. The Prophetﷺ refused. The Prophetﷺ said . Madeena is like an iron forge. It throws out the bad and keeps the good.
It can be seen in another hadeeth narrated by Imam Bukhari himself. Zaid bin Thabit(R) says: When the Prophetﷺ left for the battle of Uhud, some of his companions went back. Then a group said. We have to fight them. Another group said. We should not fight them. Then the eighty-eighth verse of Surah Al-Nisa’u was revealed and the Prophetﷺ said: Madeena will drive out the wicked people. As fire casts out the slag of iron.
This is the meaning of the famous hadeeth saying that Madeena is the shelter of the believer. Narrated Abu Huraira(R): Verily Iman (faith) will seek refuge in Madeena at one time as a snake seeks refuge in its burrow. (Bukhari)
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It can be seen in the hadeeth narrated by Bukhari and Muslim that the Prophetﷺ said: All the areas of Madeena between the mountains of Eir and Thour are sacred. If anyone commits bid’ah or a innovation there, that has no basis in Deen, or gives shelter to those who commit it, the curse of Allah, the angels and all mankind will be upon him. Neither the Farz nor the Sunnah he performed, will be accepted on the Day of Judgment.
The hadeeth reminds us that not only the masjid but the entire area of Madeena is Haram or the Holy Land. Look at the glory of the people of Madeena. Imam Tabrani quotes from Ubadat bin Samit(R). The Prophetﷺ says. Oh Allah terrify those who terrify or attack the people of Madeena. The curse of Allah, the Angels and all the human beings will be on him. Neither his Farz nor Sunnah will be accepted. Let’s read some hadeeths on this topic.
One is the narration of Abu Bakrat (R): The Prophetﷺ said that the fear of the Dajjal traveling around the world will not affect the people of Madeena. Madeena will have seven gates then. Each gate will be guarded by two angels. (Bukhari)
Two. Narration from Abu Huraira(R): The Prophetﷺ taught. Angels will stand at the entrance gates of Madeena. Neither the plague nor the Dajjal will enter Madeena. (Bukhari)
Three. Narration of Anas(R): The Prophetﷺ said. There is no country but Dajjal entered, except Mecca and Madeena. Angels will guard all the entrances of those two lands. Then Madeena along with its inhabitants will shake three times. Allah will bring out all the disbelievers and false believers in it. (Bukhari)
4. Narration of Abu Saeed (R): The Prophet ﷺ spoke to us at length about Dajjal. He is forbidden to enter Madeena. Then he would descend in a marshy area near Madeena. A good person from among the people will go and tell on this occasion. The Prophet of Allah has informed us. Yes, I bear witness that you are the Dajjal. Then the Dajjal will say (to those nearby) If I kill this man and bring him back to life, will you doubt what I say? They will answer ‘no’. Dajjal will kill that man and bring him back to life. Then that reborn man will say: By Allah. I have never been more convinced that you are the Dajjal than I am today. Then the Dajjal will say: Shall I kill him? But he cannot kill him. (Bukhari)
The people of that day will be convinced exactly what the Prophetﷺ warned.
The Prophetﷺ himself has advised not to use the old name, Yathrib when the name, “Madeena” is legalized. The Prophetﷺ said, “Whoever calls Madeena Yathrib, let him seek forgiveness from Allah. Indeed, this is ”Twaba” and “Twaiba.”
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Madeena has many names that convey the greatness and importance of the area. 1. ‘Arlullahi’. It means the land of Allah. This name is used in the ninety-seventh verse of Al Niasau chapter which gives the Prophetﷺ the permission to migrate.
2. ‘Arlul Hijra’. The land of migration.
3. ‘Akkalatul Buldan’ .The land that conquers the places.
4. ‘Akkalatul Qura’. The land that conquers villages. Such an application has come in the hadeeth.
5. ‘Al Eman’. This name is used in the ninth verse of Chapter Al Hashr. The literal meaning is faith, but the intended meaning is the capital of faith.
6. ‘Al Barra’:
7. ‘Al Baarra’: These two names indicate the goodness of the residents of Madeena.
9. ‘Al Buhaira’ .
10. ‘Al Baheera’. These names indicate the vastness of Madeena.
11. ‘Al-Balatw’. The land of paved stones or special types of stones.
12. ‘Albalad’. The land of greatness. In the first verse of chapter Al Balad, Albalad is used about Madeena .
13. ‘Baladu Rasulillah’: The land of the messengers of Allah. This expression comes from the hadeeth saying that the devil is disappointed because he is not worshiped in my country.
14.’Baytu Rasulillah’: The house of the Messenger of Allah. In the fifth verse of chapter Al Anfal, there is an expression ‘Min Baitika’. This name is derived from it.
17.’Al Jabira’: This expression means, the area that inspired other villages to goodness . 18.’Jabbar’.
19. ‘Al-Jabbara’: Yusuf Swalihi explains that this expression is from the Torah.
20. ‘Jazeeratul Arab’. It is the name given to the Arabian Peninsula as a whole. But this name is used in a hadeeth narrated by Imam Tabrani specifically about Madeena.
21.’Juntun Haseena’: We can understand the concept as ‘a protective shield’. These are among the names, which Imam Suyutwi attributes to Madeena .
22. ‘Al Habeeba’: The beloved land. The Prophetﷺ called that name .
23. Al Haram.
24. Haramu Rasoolillah. This is the usage in hadeeth. The meaning is ‘sacred land’.
25. Hasana: Literally means goodness. The word ‘Hasana’ in chapter Annahl refers to Madeena.
26. ‘Al Khayyira’:
27 ‘Al Khiyara’: These names are applied in the sense of ‘glorious’.
28: ‘Al dar’ means holy house. It is applied in the ninth verse of chapter Al-Hashr.
29 ‘Darul Abrar’: The House of the righteous
30. ‘Darul Mukhtar’. The House of the Chosen. Al Mukhtar is applied to the Prophetﷺ. Then it became the house of the Prophetﷺ.
31.’Darul Iman’. This is an expression from the hadeeth with the idea that Iman will return to Madeena.
32. ‘Darussunna’: It can be understood as an ideal house. Centre of traditions.
33. ‘Darussalam’: Security House
34. ‘Darul Fath’. The house of victory
35. ‘Addirul Hasweena’: Safety shield. This expression is mentioned in a hadeeth narrated by Imam Ahmad.
36. ‘Datul Hujar’: The House of Houses. It can mean a place with many noble houses.
37.’Datul Hirar’. Such an expression came because it is an area with many black stones.
38. ‘Datu Nnakhl’: The land of palm trees. This name is used in hadeeth to introduce Madeena
39. ‘Assaliqa’: This name is mentioned in the Torah. It denotes the vastness and hot climate of Madeena.
40. ‘Ashafiya’: The land of healing. There is healing power in the soil and water of Madeena. It has been mentioned in the hadeeth that there is healing in the soil of Madeena.
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41. ‘Twaba’: The hadeeth that the Prophetﷺ said that ‘Allah has given the name Twaba to Madeena’, has been quoted by Imam Muslim on the authority of Jabir(R).
45. ‘Mutwayyiba’: All these five names are similar in word and meaning. All these are derived from the root meaning sanctity, purity. These names are mentioned in many hadeeths. The sense and area of Madeena are all sacred. The name has also mentioned in the Torah.
46. ‘Twibaba’. Yaqut al-Hamawi has quoted it in the sense of a wide area of land.
47. ‘Al-Aswima’: Safe haven. This is a safe haven for the Muhajirs from the polytheists, and for all those who in Madeena from Dajjal and other calamities.
48. ‘Al-Adra’a’. This is a name that originated in the Torah. It may have been used in the sense of a place of defense from enemies.
49. ‘Al-Ara’a’. This word is also used for the virgins.
50. ‘Al Arul’: This is an expression that refers to the topography of Madeena.
51.’Al Garra’u’. It means; Bright, beautiful and the top leader. This name can also be applied in the sense of ‘leader of regions’.
52. ‘Galaba’: Islam reached Madeena and the majority of Madeena quickly became Muslims. It is probably in this view that the word meaning ‘majority’ was used for Madeena.
53.’Al-Faliha’: Meaning transparent. Not a place that conceals anything improper. Inside and outside, pure and transparent.
54. ‘Al-Qaswima’: This name is used in the Torah. This name has the idea that if someone approaches Madeena with bad intentions, Allah will prevent.
55. ‘Qubbatul Islam’: Madeena is the dome and address of Islam.
56. ‘Qaryatul Ansar’. Village of Ansars.
57. ‘Qaryatu Rasulillah’: Village of the Messenger of Allah. There is an expression related to this name in a hadeeth narrated by Imam Tabrani.
58. ‘Qaalbul Iman’: The Heart of Faith.
59. ‘Al Mu’minah’: The trustworthy or the trustworthy house/place.
60. Al Mubarakah: The Blessed. Or the blessed land.
61. Mubawwaul Halali Wal haram. The land of desires. Or the area where right and wrong are separated. It is from Madeena that right and wrong were separated and explained. The traditional legal proceedings in Madeena are also important in Islamic legal studies.
66. ‘Al-Mahbooba’: These three names are variants of Hubb which means love. Is Madeena the most important place in the world to love, be loved and promote love?
67. ‘Al-Mahboora: The Blessed place. The word is also applied to a tract of land yields good crops quickly.
68. ‘Al Muharrama’: The blessed.
69. ‘Al Mahruza’ : Armored. Madeena is the land fenced by angels holding hands
70. ‘Al Mahfufa’: The Wrapped Place.
The land covered with blessings and angels.
71. ‘Al Mahfooza’: The protected area.
72. ‘Al Mukhtarah’: The chosen area. The chosen land for the chosen Prophet.
73. ‘Mudkhalu Sidq’: Entrance of Truth: This name is used in the eightieth verse of Surah Al-Isra.
74. ‘Al Marhuma’: The land of mercy, the land where the messenger of mercy arrived and rest.
75. ‘Al Marzuqa’: The land of resources. The highest resource that can be obtained in the world is the presence of the beloved Prophetﷺ.
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76. Masjid al-Aqsa: This name is mentioned in the work, Al Isharath of Ibnul Mulaqwin.
77. Al Miskeena. This name is mentioned in the Torah. This name is in the idea of the sanctuary of the fearful and humble
78. Al-Muslimah: The Land of the Submissive.
79. Maljau Rasulillah: The Resting Place of Allah’s Messenger. This meaning has been used in the hadeeth.
80. Al-Mutwayyaba: It is close to the concept of the name, Twayba. 81. Al Muqaddasah: The place of purity. Pure from polytheism and sins.
82′ Al Maqarr: The prayer of the Prophet to make Madeena the dwelling place.
83 Al Meccathan: When referring to the house arrest of Uthman (R), Sa’ad bin Abissarh, introduced Madeena as ‘Meccathan’. Mecca and Madeena can also be used as the two Meccan. Like adding Isha and Maghrib, expressions such as two Maghribs and two Isha’s are well-known in Arabic.
84. Al Makeena: The place of honor.
85. Muhajaru Rasulillahﷺ: The place where the Messenger of Allah migrated
86. Al Mufiyyah: The Land of keeping contracts.
87. Annajiya: House of Salvation.
88. Nablau: The idea is safety and holy.
89. Annahr: This name refers to the heat of the climate.
90. Al-Hadra’u: The Arabic expression Yaumun Hadirul means hot day. So this is a name referring to the climate at a time in Madinah. 91. Yandad: sacred, rich in resources.
92. Madeena: town. Madeena is the best place known to the world by the name of the city itself:
93 Madeenatu Rasulillahﷺ: The city of the messenger of Allah.
We have read the names that convey the spiritual and material glories that Madeena encompasses. In the holy Qur’an, in the Hadeeth, in the earlier scriptures, and in the remarks of eminent people, most of the expressions are based on adjectives that introduced Madeena. It is a scholarly curiosity and a source of delight for devotees that a region is called by so many blessings . That is why the likes of Imam Yusuf Swalihi Ashamy have devoted a chapter to this subject with importance and necessary explanations. Various names are a chapter in almost all the books dealing with the glory and history of Madeena. It is a sign of greatness that a person or a country has many names.
Yathrib became Madeena with the advent of the Prophetﷺ. And much of Madeena was renovated. A disease that had previously existed in Madeena was completely eradicated. A hadeeth related to this has been narrated by Imam Bukhari, Turmudi and others. The idea can be read like this. Ayisha(R) says. The Prophetﷺ came to Madeena. Madeena was the most fever-affected area in the world at that time. The water that flowed through the valley caused disease. The companions of the Prophetﷺ were also affected by fever and other problems. Abu Bakar(R), Aamir bin Fuhaira and Bilal(R) lived in the same house affected with disease. I visited them with the permission of the Prophetﷺ. At that time the law of veil was not in effect. Their illness was very serious. I went to my father and asked him. How are you? He recited a piece of poetry in reply.
“Kullumriin muswabbahun fee ahlihi
Wal Mautu Adna Min Shiraki Na’alihi”
Like the heel of the shoe near to shoe
One lay at home nearing death.
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Ayisha (R) continues. I approached Aamir bin Fuhaira and asked him’how are you’ ? . What he replied is a also a piece of poetry. “Laqad wajadtul mauta qabla dauqihi…
‘Before time I taste death soon… Oh Allah, what is Aamir saying!. Bilal was lying in the yard very faint. He was very worried and recited some pieces of poetry . I told the Prophet ﷺ all these things. Immediately the Prophet ﷺ raised his eyes to the sky. Then he prayed. Oh Allah, make Madeena dear to us as you made Mecca dear to us…In another report or more dearer than Mecca .! Make Madeena ready for us. May You shower blessings on the Swa’u and Mudh , or grain and provisions, of Madeena ! Remove the disease from here to Juhfa!.
A reference to the realization of this prayer can be read in the hadeeth narrated by Ibnu Umar (R). The Prophet ﷺ said. I saw a monstrous female form with flying hair coming out of Madeena and arriving at Juhfah.
In a hadeeth from Urwa without mentioning the Sahabi, it can be seen like this. One day the Prophet ﷺ asked a stranger who came from Mecca . Have you seen anyone? He said he did not see anyone. But a woman with ugly hair is walking towards there . The Prophet ﷺ said. That is the disease. It will never come back.
Imam Ibn Ishaq and others narrate it. Amr bin Al Aas says that when the Prophet ﷺ and his companions came to Madeena , many of his followers affected with the special fever of Madeena . So, they were unable to pray. Once the Prophet ﷺ passed by, many people were sitting and praying. From then on, he said the virtues of performing namaz standing .Most of the people who heard it forgot their difficulties and performed namaz standing.
Abdullahi bin Fall bin Abbas says. The Prophet ﷺ said: O Allah, I pray for the blessings of the people of Madeena like those in Mecca. Narrator Abdullahi goes on to say, “We were able to experience the results of the Prophet ﷺ’s prayers firsthand. We were able to feed ourselves with a quarter of the grain and provisions, we used in Mecca .”
The goats in Madeena were fed with a small portion of what the goats in other regions grazed.
Abu Hurairah says that when the people of Madeena harvest the first fruit of their crops, they will present it to the Prophet ﷺ. The Prophet ﷺ would put that crops close to his eyes and pray for Madeena as well as for the blessings in fruits and crops. Then the Prophet ﷺ will present it to the youngest person in the group.
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There are certain rules and instructions to be followed for the approach to Madeena . After the presence of the Prophet ﷺ, Madeena gained many glories beyond being just a land. Let us read some specific lessons and methods.
Imam Ahmad and others narrate that the Prophet ﷺ said. ‘If anyone misbehaves with Medeena, Allah will destroy him as water destroys salt’. This is how Ma’aqal bin Yasar (R) narrated the statement of the Prophet ﷺ. ‘Madeena is my land of refuge. That is my place of rest. From there I will be ressurected to the Hereafter. Therefore, it is the responsibility of my community to treat my neighbors with care and to protect them. If any of them commit major sins, then there is no need to protect them’. Saeed ibnul Musayyab quoted a prayer of the Prophet ﷺ saying, ‘I will bear witness in favour of those who treat the People Madeena in best manner. I will recommend for them. Those who misbehave, will be compelled to drink ‘Tweenatul Khaabal’ or the pus of the people of the Hell’.
Muhammad Bin Maslama: Recorded that Imam Malik (RA) said. ‘I went to Al-Mahdi (the Abbasid ruler) and he said’ . Give me some advice. I said ‘Be careful of Allah . Be kind to the natives of the Messenger of Allah, because we know a statement of the Prophet ﷺ, saying . “Madeena is the land of my refuge and my resting place. From there will be my resurrection tomorrow. The people Madeena are my neighbors. It is the duty of my community to protect my neighbors. For those who do so, I will be a favorable witness and advocate in the Hereafter. Those who do not obey my will about my neighbors will be made to drink ‘Tweenatul Qabal”. Saeed bin Al Musayyab quotes a supplication of the Prophet ﷺ .’Oh Allah, You quickly deal with those who aim to destroy me and my Madeena’.
Muhammad bin Maslamath reports .Imam Malik (R) says .’I went to Al Mahdi (Abbasid ruler). Then he requested me to advice him’. Musab says that when Mahdi came to Madeena , Imam Malik (R) and other notables of Madeena welcomed him from miles away . Upon seeing the Imam, Mahdi embraced and respected him and moved forward talking with him . Then Imam Malik (R) looked at him and said, ‘you have entered Madeena . On both sides are the sons of the Muhajirs and the Answars. The most blessed natives on this earth are the people of Madeena . Then the ruler asked Imam Malik. O Abu Abdillah, on what basis do you say this? Immediately, Imam said, “No other Prophet’s grave is known as the grave of our Prophet is known. Those who received the grave of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ are more glorious than others. Mahdi realized that and carried out what Imam Malik said.”
The Prophet ﷺ used to talk about the greatness of his neighbors. When Gibreel approached the Prophetﷺ and talked about the duties towards the neighbors , the Prophetﷺ would feel that he would have to give them the inheritance.
The same Holy Prophet ﷺ also made the statement that the people of Madeena are my neighbors. How blessed are the people of Madeena .
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Now let’s move to the Prophetﷺ himself. After arriving in Madeena, the Prophetﷺ had to think about some important matters immediately. It was about the integrity of Madeena and the welfare of those who were there and those who arrived.
But in the meantime, we have to read some different things.
One: The matter of the believers who remained in Mecca. The Prophetﷺ was almost the last person who migrated from Mecca to Madeena. Then the believers who remained in Mecca were either those who had clear reasons or were assigned a mission. The Qur’an mentioned the first group as ‘except the weak’. Abdullah, son of Abu Bakar(R) belonged to the second group. He was entrusted to inform the news from Mecca. Similarly, his sister was also entrusted to stay in Mecca at that time. In brief, among the families that remained in Mecca after the Prophetﷺ went to Madeena , the most important were the families of the beloved Prophetﷺ and Sideeq(R).
Zaidu bin Haritha and Abu Rafi’u were sent to Mecca to bring the family of the Prophetﷺ. They were entrusted with two camels and five hundred Dirhams. They arrived in Mecca. They took the daughters of the Prophetﷺ, Ummu Kulthum, Fathima and the Prophet’s wife Sauda Bint Sama’a, foster mother Ummu Ayman, to Madeena. But Abul Aas, the husband of Zainab(R) didn’t allow her to go with them. He had not accepted Islam at that time. Ruqiya, the daughter of the Prophetﷺ, had come to Madeena earlier with her husband Uthman (R).
The family of the Prophetﷺ was accompanied by the wife of Zaid and his son Usamath .
Abu Bakar’s wife Ummu Ruman, daughters Ayisha and Asma’u along with her son Abdullah left for Madeena. Asmau was then pregnant and about to give birth. Prophet’s family settled in the house of Harith bin Nu’man. Abu Bakra’s family settled in the house of Banul Harith Ibnul Khazraj.
Two: Asma’s delivery. Asmau, who was pregnant, gave birth when she reached Quba’ in Madeena. Bringing food to the cave of the Thour and the subsequent travel had exhausted her. Abdullahibn Zubair was the son born then. Abdullahi is said to be the first child born to the Muhajirs after the migration. The child born after the migration from the Ansar was Nauman bin Bashir.
Asma’u took the newborn baby and came to the Prophetﷺ. He took the baby and placed him on his lap. Then he chewed a date and gave it to him to touch the sweetness. Through that, the saliva of the Prophetﷺ entered Abdullahi’s stomach first. And the Prophetﷺ prayed for the baby and named him Abdullah.
The Jews themselves had campaigned that because of their sorcery the Muslims who had migrated to Madeena cannot give birth to male children.
But with the birth of Abdullah, that argument proved false. That’s why the people of Madeena, who knew Abdullahi’s birth, proudly sounded the takbeer. Madeena reverberated with the sound.
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Three. The demise of Bara’u bin Ma’roor(R). The Prophetﷺ asked his followers. Where is Bara’u bin Ma’roor? They said. He passed away. He has also bequeathed a third of his property to you. Scholars say that the he left this world one month before the arrival of Prophetﷺ at Madeena .
When he was about to die, he had adviced to be laid facing to the Qibla. This incident is the only hadeeth proof that a dying person should be made to lie facing the Qibla.
The Prophetﷺ heard his bequest and said. The idea of ’goodness’ in human nature or ‘Fitwrah’ is true, because he got the sense from the Fitwrah to lay at the time of imminent death facing the Qiblah. The Prophetﷺ went straight to his grave and prayed over him. Then he prayed like this: O Allah! Please forgive him! Have mercy! Enter your heaven! You’ve done it! Or it has been stated that he entered heaven.
He was one of the seventy who signed the Second Treaty of Aqaba. He was the first of the group to make a covenant with the Prophetﷺ.
When the Prophetﷺ and his companions used to pray facing Baitul Muqaddas, he used to pray facing the holy Ka’aba. It was because of his innate sense of facing the holy Ka’aba that he was referred to as “the one who turned towards the Qibla during life and after death”.
This chapter will be completed only when the story of Zainab, the daughter of the Prophetﷺ is mentioned.
Zainab got married before the declaration of prophethood of the Prophetﷺ. She was married by her cousin Abul Aas. The first grandchild of Prophetﷺ was Zainab’s daughter Umama. Abul Aas and Zainab couple lived happily. Abul Aas was not in Mecca when the Prophet Muhammadﷺ declared prophethood. But Zainab accepted Islam immediately after the declaration of prophethood. Abul Aas, who returned to Mecca, reached home and learned that his wife had accepted Islam. If asked why she accepted Islam without asking her husband, Zainab had many answers to give. It was her father who declared prophethood. Her father is a personality who is accepted by everyone by giving the first place in all good things such as honesty, justice, good character, purity of life. Abu Bakar, a famous noble man of Mecca who is always with his father, has also accepted. Whom should I wait to accept the Oneness of Allah, the Lord of the universe.
But Abul Aas could not bear it. But he could not part with loving wife. They live together in such a way that they cannot quarrel. But the mind did not allow to leave the traditional belief and come to the new belief
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Meanwhile, the battle of Badr took place. The Muslims won. Abul Aas who was on the enemy’s side was taken prisoner. Zainab, who came to know about this, sent her necklace to the Prophetﷺ that she had received at the time of marriage.The Prophetﷺ was surprised to see it. He was emotionally affected by his wife’s memories. He consulted his followers and released him with their consent.
Then Abul Aas received a message from the Prophetﷺ asking him to send Zaynab to Madeena. Abul Aas agreed. From Mecca to the ‘Ya’ajj valley, which was eight miles away from Mecca, Zaid Bin Haritha and a companion from the Ansar would come there. It was from there to go to Madeena. Zainab is ready to go. Meanwhile Utba’s daughter Hind came there. She asked.’why are you going to your father? There will be many things between men. It may not apply to women. Zainab did not reply to Hind’s remarks. Love for her husband. Pain of separation. But on the other side love for father and love for faith more than that. The baby grows in the womb by binding the husband and herself. And the eldest son Ali. After all, Zainab had to bear a lot of grief together.
Anyway, ready to go. The mind of Abul Aas does not allow him to take his wife directly on the journey. He called his brother, Kinana. He loaded his quiver with arrows. He started journey with Zainab in the broad daylight.The Quraish were not pleased. Poems of Hind came running faster than the arrows, disturbed the warriors of the Quraish. ‘When there is no war, you who run with horns, why are you like women on the battlefield?
Where was your courage and strength at the time of Badr’?. Such was her lines.They saw this as a matter of pride in the group. The Prophet’s daughter was openly fleeing in front of them to Madeena. They were angry. Some people followed them. They met them at a place called ‘Du Tuwa’. Gubar bin Aswad was the first one to reach near them. He got into an argument with Kinana. When the situation more serious, Zainab stood by Kinana’s side. Abu Sufyan, who observed things from a distance, came near and asked Kinana. Kinana what are you doing? Don’t you know the defeat and the hardship that we Quraish suffered? Won’t this public trip anger people? Everyone knows that there is no gain in stopping this daughter for not getting father . However, wait till the scene calm down and then send her away secretly. But Kinana’s bravery did not yield to the advice. Meanwhile, Zainab, who was pregnant, became exhausted. It started travail. Finally, she gave birth in the scorching environment of the desert. Zainab(R) became very much exhausted and there was nothing to do but return to Mecca. So returned home. When she regained her health a little, Zainab left again with Kinana. They reached Madeena with Zaid bin Haritha who came to take them. The Prophetﷺ and his family became satisfied.
We are now moving through the auspicious days of change and construction.
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While staying in the house of Abu Ayyubil Ansari, the first thought of the Prophet ﷺ was about a centre or a Masjid .
The place, where the camel of the Prophet ﷺ knelt down was the land of two orphans named Sahal and Suhail. It was used for drying dates and other things. They were from Banu Najjar, the family of the maternal uncles of the Prophet ﷺ. And they were under the protection of As’ad bin Zurarah, a companion. Even though they said that they would give the land for free, the Prophet ﷺ refused to accept it. He paid ten dinars and bought it for the masjid . Abu Bakar (R) donated the amount.
Then under the leadership of the Prophet ﷺ, the Companions, the Ansars and the Muhajirs entered for the service. The Prophet ﷺ came forward to carry the bricks. To encourage his colleagues, he said, “There is no ultimate good except the good of the Hereafter… O Allah, have mercy on the Ansar and the Muhajirs?” His followers took this statement as a piece of poetry and recited it. “Allahumma innal ajra ajarul akhira: Fa Ayyidil Answara: Wal Muhajira”. It was sung in tune by Abdullahi bin Rawaha. After the Prophet ﷺ started working , those who did not enter the construction in the first stage recited it like this. “La in Qa’adna vannabiyu yaamalu..Or
It is time for the Holy Prophet to work
What a pity if we sit back. !..
They also came to the scene. They erected pillars with palm trunks. The walls were built with bricks.
The roof was made with palm leaves. A small part of the roof was left open. Anas (R) said. The wall without roof was the first thing prepared for the masjid . Qibla was towards Baitul Muqaddas. The Prophet ﷺ asked the followers to remove the water from the ground and clean it. The Prophet ﷺ entrusted his followers to arrange the old graveyard of ‘Baqqeeu’, filled with orchid trees, by cutting the trees . According to Ibnu Aaid, the Prophet ﷺ prayed for twelve days in a roofless hut.
It can be read as follows in the report of Shahr bin Haushabin. When the Prophet ﷺ decided to build a masjid , he said: Build for me a hut like the hut of prophet Moosa(A) . A shade like the shade made by prophet Moosa using grass and poles . This world is more temporary than that. The companions asked what was the specialty of prophet Moosa’s shade. He said. It was so small and simple that the head would touch the roof when standing upright. Then the construction of the maajid was started by the Prophet ﷺ and his companions.
The Prophet ﷺ and his companions started carrying the bricks. Ammar (R) said, Dear Prophet, I will carry that bricks for you . Accordingly, Ammar brought two bricks each and the others carried one each and continued the construction.
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A narration from Ayisha(R) narrated by Imam Abu Ya’la reads as follows. Ayisha(R) says. At the time of laying the foundation stone of Madeena masjid, the Prophetﷺ first laid a stone. Then Abu Bakar, Umar, and Usman(R) laid each stone in order. The Prophetﷺ said about this. The Prophetﷺ was giving a hint that there will be Khilafat after me in this order. In another statement of Imam Baihaqi, it is like this. These companions will be leaders after me.
Another scene during the construction can be read as follows. The Prophetﷺ was carrying a stone for the construction of the masjid . Seeing this, Usaid bin Hulair said to the Prophetﷺ that give it to me I will carry for you .Then he replied, carry another stone. I am also a needy person like you for the mercy of Allah.
The humbleness of the Prophetﷺ that he is the servant and slave of Allah, is to be understood from this expression. We can see the beauty of the approach he had with his companions from this.
Imam Baihaqi narrates from Hasan. When the Prophetﷺ built a masjid , his companions joined him. Prophet’sﷺ chest filled with dust.Uthman bin Mazuoon was carrying the stone, he held it away from his clothes. After placing the stone on the ground, he looked at his clothes again and shook off the dust. Seeing this, Ali (R) sang.
“La Yastavi Man Ya’murul Masajida
Yad Abu Feeha Qaiman Waqaida
Waman Yura Anil Gubari Haida”
The meaning of these lines is that the one who sits and works hard to build a masjid and the one who stands in the dust are not equal. Ammar bin Yasir heard these lines and recited them. Ammar didn’t pay attention to whom Ali was singing this for. At that time Ammar passed by Usman bin Mazuoon. Then Usman said to Ammar, “Oh Sumayya’s son.. Do you think that I don’t know about whom you sang?” Then he had a palm branch with him. He said. I will beat on your face with this. The Prophetﷺ happened to hear this.
He did not like it. He got angry and said, “Ammar is dearer to me.” He is the part between my eyes and nose. Then the Prophetﷺ put his hand between his two eyes. Then they all respectfully stayed away from Ammar’s area. Then they said. Ammar, did the Prophetﷺ get angry with us about you? We are afraid that any Quranic verse will be revealed on this matter. Ammar said, “I will please the Prophetﷺ who was angry for me”. He immediately asked what is the problem between me and your companions?. The Prophetﷺ asked. What is the problem between you and them.They are trying to kill me!. They all carry one stone and give me two each. (No one will die if he take two stones. Moreover he took stones for the Prophetﷺ. He said so to make the Prophetﷺ laugh). Then Prophetﷺ said. They won’t kill you. Instead a group of thugs will kill you. When you invite them to heaven, they will invite you to hell.
This was a prophecy. He was killed in Swiffeen in 37 AH at the age of ninety-three.
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Twalq Bin Ali (R) says: The Prophet ﷺ and the Muslims who were with him were working for the masjid . I approached them. I was a worker who knew the masonry by kneading the soil. I began to work taking work tools from them. The Prophetﷺ noticed my work and said. This person who is strong and healthy in your group, knows how to knead the soil.
The length and width of the masjid were thirty and thirty five meters respectively. The first building built by the Prophet ﷺ had three doors. The names of the doors were Babu Rahma in the south, Babu Gibreel in the west and Babunnisa in the east.
Seven years after the first construction, the construction and development of the masjid were carried out.
Along with the construction of the masjid , the construction of the houses of the Prophet ﷺ also began. Over time, nine houses were built in the vicinity of the masjid . Each house was a small hut of only thirty or forty square meters. The holy Qur’an used the word, “Hujurath” denoting these houses of the Prophetﷺ . The Prophetﷺ shifted from the house of Abu Ayyubil Ansari to the houses built in the northern side of the masjid.There were the houses of wives, Ayisha and Sauda (R). They had brick walls and thatched roofs just like that of the masjid . The Prophetﷺ started living in Ayisha’s house long after he had started living in Sauda’s house.
Later, the Prophet ﷺ built rooms for each of his wives at respective times. In the third year of Hijra, Hafsa (R), in the fourth year, Ummu Salama (R), in the fifth year, Zainab (R), in the sixth year, Juwairiya (R)and Ummu Habeeba (R), and in the seventh year, Swafiyyah (R) and Maimoona (R) were married. Houses were built in this order . All these houses were located on the east and north sides of the masjid.
Muhammad bin Umar al-Aslami says that Harisat bin Annu’man had houses in the vicinity of the masjid. Every time a wife entered the life of the Prophet ﷺ, Harisath provided facilities for the Prophet ﷺ from his own house. Thus over time all his houses were provided for the Prophet ﷺ.
Abdullah bin Yazeed al-Hudali says . During the time of Umar bin Abdil Azeez, I was directly present when the houses of the wives of the Prophet ﷺ were demolished by the order of Waleed bin Abdil Malik. At that time, I was able to directly count nine houses. The remains of bricks and thatch were seen. All these houses were between the house of Ayisha and Asma bint Hasan (R).
Only the house of Ummu Salama (R) was completely built of bricks. The grandson of Ummu Salama (R) was asked about it. Then he gave an explanation like this. When the Prophet ﷺ returned after the military operation at Daumatul Jandal, he noticed that the house of Ummu Salama was renovated with bricks. Inquired about it . Ummu Salama(R) explained that she wanted to get more veil from the people. Then the Prophet ﷺ made a statement like this. The least amount of money spent by my community is the money spent on building.
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One of the remarkable things that the Prophet ﷺ performed immediately after his arrival in Madeena, was his first Jumu’ah: Before the Prophet ﷺ arrived in Madeena , Jumu’ah was held according to the instructions of the Prophet ﷺ. There was no situation in Mecca to perform Jumu’ah at that time. One opinion is that it is based on the letter sent by the Prophet ﷺ to Mis’ab bin Umair (R). According to that letter, it was informed to perform two rakat prayer and khutbah instead of four rakat Luhar prayer.
But another opinion is that the Jumua’h was performed based on the study of the companions. Muhammad bin Seereen reports that the Jumua’h was performed in Madeena even before the Prophet ﷺ arrived in Madeena . The Ansars said, “Jews have a special day to meet once in seven days. Christians also have a special day in the week to meet and pray. Come, let’s choose a day to pray and get close to Allah.” So they performed Jumu’ah together on the “day of Aruba” or Friday. The person who performed Jumu’a for the first time is the Sahabi, named As’ad bin Zurara. The said Jumu’ah was lead by Mis’ab bin Umair, who gathered forty people together in “Al bayal Province”. It is only after that, the ninth verse of chapter ‘Al Jumu’ah’ was revealed. The idea is “If you are invited to the Friday Jumu’ah prayer, hurry to the remembrance of Allah or the Khutba/Friday Sermon .”
Abdu Rahman Ka’ab bin Malik says . If heard the Azan of Jumu’ah on Friday, my father used to pray specially for my uncle Asa’d bin Zurarah. I asked my father about this prayer which he performed continuously even when he was blind. He said that As’ad was the first to perform Jumu’ah in Madeena. That is why I was making dua for him.
On the first Friday after the Prophet ﷺ arrived in Madeena , he prayed Jumu’ah at the residence of Salim bin Awf in the “Ranuna Valley”. A hundred followers were there to pray with him . The essence of the khutbah delivered by the Prophet ﷺ on the said Jumu’ah is as follows: After praising Allah.”Oh people! The first thing you must protect is yourselves. If one of you dies, he meets his Lord. There is no need for an intermediary or a translator . Allah will ask: ‘Did not My Messenger come to you, with much wealth?’ Was it not given, ? What has been brought here instead? The man will turn to the right, then to the left. He will find no helper there. What he sees immediately before him, is hell. If anyone wants to seek salvation from that hell, let him do it on his own; even if by giving a single date . If one has nothing in his hand to donate , then he has to say good words. Let the words speak, because Allah rewards every good deed ten to seven hundred times more than what it deserves.
اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِنٰا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّمْ
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An important intervention that took place after the construction of the masjid in Madeena was the establishment of brotherhood. This was a unique and unparalleled event in world history. A beautiful intervention to establish ideal brotherhood above all family and marital ties. The relationship was formed between the Muhajirs who came from Mecca and the Ansars who received them in Madeena.
Already among the companions there were pairs of deep bond in the name of idealism. Abu Bakkar- Umar, Zaidi bin Haritha-Hamza, Uthman- Abdu Rahman bin Auf, Zubair ibnul Awam-Ibnu Masuood, Ubaid ibnul Harith-Bilal, Mis’ab bin Umair- Sa’ad Bin Abi Vaqas, Ubaida-Salim, Sa’ad bin Abi Zaid and Twalhat bin Ubaidillah( R) are examples.
But the society formed in Madeena had new senses . It was to receive a group who came giving up all what they have for the protection of the faith, by giving them all they want . As indicated in the thirty-third verse of the chapter ‘Al Nisau’ they were also given property rights without having family ties or marriage ties. This law of property rights continued for some time according to the view of the Torah. By that time, the Muhajirs were self-sufficient. Later, the law of civil rights was redefined according to the seventy-fifth verse of Sura Al Anfal.
In the house of Anas bin Malik, the Prophet ﷺ made the official announcement of the establishment of brotherhood. According to it, some of the pairs that were determined as brotherhood can be read as follows. Abu Bakar- Kharijath bin Zuhair, Umar Ibnul Khatab-Uthban bin Malik, Abu Ubaida Aamir bin Al Jarrah- Sa’ad bin Muaad, Zubair bin Al Awwam- Salamath bin Salam, Twalhat bin Ubaidillah-Kaab bin Malik, Mis’ ab bin Umair-Abu Ayyub Khalid bin Zaid. Thus, the list of ninety people can be found in Seerah books.
There was no discrimination between those who established the brotherhood. The brotherhood was established beyond all criteria such as black, white, rich, poor, noble, poor. Accordingly, a black man from Mecca became the brother of a white man in Madeena. Thus all distinctions were practically nullified. In this way, the most remarkable human revolution in the history of the world started in Madeena .
This giving and receiving was not merely symbolic or formal. It used to be taken knowingly and merged with the heart. An example can be read as follows. Abdur Rahman bin Awf was befriended to Sa’ad bin Rabeea . He said to Abdu Rahman bin Awf. I am giving you half of my property. I will divorce and marry off to you whom you like from my wives. Ibn Awf replied, “I respect your generosity. But I have a request. For the time being, I don’t need a share of your property or wife . Just show me the way to the market.” I want to trade.
اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِنٰا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّمْ
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At the end of the establishment of brotherhood, Ali (R) asked, “Who do you associate me with?” The Prophet ﷺ responded. O Ali, I am your brother in this world and the next.
After this blessed moment of love, the Ansars openly spoke to the Prophet ﷺ about their assets. Their interest was how much of this one should give to his brother in Islam . The Prophet ﷺ praised their generosity and explained that you do not have to give them a share in your farm and just give them a share from the income.
“Al- Anfal, verse seventy-two, mentions how glorious an alliance was between those who came from Mecca and those who received them in Madeena . The idea reads as follows: “Those who believe and flee their homelands and fight in the cause of Allah with their wealth and bodies, and those who shelter and help them, are indeed friends of one another. You have no obligation to protect those who did not flee their homelands until they fled their homelands. Now if they seek your help in matters of religion, you are obligated to help them. But do not (help them) against the people who entered into a covenant with you. Allah is All-Seeing of all that you do.”
The early days of Madeena were the days when love and brotherhood were practically established as the cornerstones of Islamic civilization. The hadeeth narrated by Abdullah ibn Salam is considered to be the first hadeeth after the arrival of the Prophet ﷺ in Madeena . Its main idea is to spread the message of peace and distribute food to the people.
The Prophet ﷺ has praised the Muhajirs and the Ansars, who participated in this unique harmony in history, as a whole, and each group in particular. The idea of the 100th verse of Surah “Tawba”, which glorifies both of them in general, is this: “And as for the foremost, those who came forward from among the Muhajirs and the Ansar, and those who followed them in good deeds. Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him. And He has prepared for them Gardens of Paradise beneath which streams flow, wherein they will dwell forever and ever. So great is the fortune and the highest victory.”
These events convey to us a miraculous idea that was able to hold people, who fought for small reasons, in the golden thread of idealism. The greatest feature of the Islamic code is that it puts forward actions and results by adding an idea of an infinite hereafter. According to this, the relationship of brotherhood established by the Prophet ﷺ will last in heaven and on earth. That is what the Quranic texts have exhorted.
We have read that Madeena is starting to shine as the capital of the world and it is the greatest example of putting the values first and taking care of humanity.
Now let’s continue our journey through the timeline of Madeena…
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In the early days of Madeena, without any particular reminder or system, everyone arrived on time for prayer. Later, they often did not come to the masjid for prayers or arrived late due to busy work etc. To find a solution to such a problem, the Prophet ﷺ called his Companions together in Masjidunnabavi. “The problem is forgetting the time of prayer without knowing it” – many of the Companions commented. Many people suggested different ways to call to the masjid when it is time for prayer . “Let us light the fire when it is time for prayer, as the Jews do,” commented one group. “Let’s ring the bell and let people know the prayer time” – another section said. “Let’s send one person and call all people to the masjid on time ” – that was the suggestion put forward by Umar (R). At the end of the discussions, Umar’s opinion was accepted. Abdullahi bin Zaid (R) also participated in this discussion. Everyone returned home at night. Abdullahi bin Zaid (R) was still thinking this. How to call people to the masjid for prayer? Is there any other way? Abdullah bin Zaid (R) went to sleep. He had a dream in his sleep. A man dressed in green approached him. He also had a bell in his hand. “Can you sell that bell?” asked Abdullahi bin Zaid (R). “What do you do with this?” The man asked . “We want to call people to prayer.”-
Abdullahi bin Zaid (R) said. “I will tell you a better trick. Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar………..” The man told him the full words of “Azan” and “Iqamat”. Abdullahi bin Zaid (R)woke up in the morning and went to the presence of the Prophetﷺ . He told the Prophetﷺ the dream he had seen and the words spoken by the person in the dream. The Prophetﷺ said that the dream is true and therefore we can accept it. The Prophetﷺasked him to tell Bilal (R) the words he had seen in his dream. The Prophetﷺ asked to do so because Bilal (R) had a good voice. Abdullahi bin Zaid (R) told Bilal (R) the words spoken by the man in the dream. Bilal(R) said the same. It is time for prayer. The beautiful voice of Bilal (R) was heard in Masjidunnabavi. Muslims moved to Masjidunnabawi for prayer. Umar binul Khattab (R) also heard Bilal’s words from a distance. He jumped up from his seat and quickly came, dragging his dress to the presence of the Prophetﷺ. “Prophet, I had a dream yesterday.” With surprise, Umar (R) started to explain the dream he saw . A man dressed in green appeared in a dream and he told him the words of the Azan that Bilal (R) had called.