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The crisis in Macca and the sorrows of those who returned from Ethiopia are all seen by the Prophetﷺ. What is a solution. To send the believers to the land of Negus who receive with magnanimity. Thus Second time, a group migrated to Abyssinia or Ethiopia itself. Eighty-three men and eleven women were ready to travel. Uthman, the son-in-law of the Prophetﷺ, was also in this group. The nobles asked the Prophet ﷺ. We migrated first. Now we are going for the second time. Are you staying here? Immediately the Prophetﷺ said. You are migrating to Allah and to Me, or seeking the favor of Allah and His Messenger. Now your are gaining the reward of Double Migration. Do not worry about that. Uthman (R.A.) said, Now we are comforted, O Prophet!”
Ja’far (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “We were safe in Abyssinia. We performed our worship as usual. No one bothered or accused us of anything. But when the Quraish came to know about this, they were not happy. They assembled. Assessed the information. Two competent representatives were appointed to meet the Negus Emperor. The aim was to avoid the asylum given to the Muslims by giving expensive and attractive gifts to the emporer .Thus, Umarat bin Al Waleed and Amr bin Al Aas arrived at the palace. As prearranged, various types of dishes from Mecca were presented to all the courtiers before meeting the king. They prepared plan for a direct visit to the king and not to give a chance to the Muslims to present their side . Thus the Quraish reached the presence of the king with eye-catching gifts .The Quraish leaders bowed and greeted the king. Then said. Some foolish people have come to this country from our Macca . They have abandoned the religion of their ancestors. They are introducing a new religion that neither we nor you are familiar with. We were appointed here by the leaders of our country. Therefore, those who came here must be sent back to us. We are their people and relatives who know them in detail. Then a servant of the king said. King, what these two said is true. These are the leaders of Macca and are well acquainted with them. So let’s hand them over to them and let them go to their country.
The king asked. Where are they? They are in your country, Lord. The response came. The king got angry. What ! . I will not let them go who came to my country and sought refuge from me. Do I reject those who came and took refuge in my country with out choosing another king or country ?!.
Let me call them. If you are right then I will think about what you asked. If not, I will protect them. I will give them the necessary care.
Messenger was sent to inform the Prophet’s disciples. He Officially informed them. The disciples consulted themselves . What should we say in the royal audience. Let us share the correct information. We can present the things taught by the Prophet ﷺ and our beliefs directly and rightly . They agreed. Then Ja’afar bin Abi Talib said. Today I will be presenting the topic as your representative.
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The king summoned his ministers and officials. They opened the scripts they had with them. The Muslim representatives were invited to the palace. They came in reciting ‘Salam’ or salutation. The king asked why are you not prostrating and bowing before the king?. We do not prostrate before animate or inanimate things . We prostrate only before Allah, the Creator. The king asked. What religion separated you from your people? You left your traditional religion but didn’t join our religion or other sects. Then what?
Ja’far (R) began to speak. Oh! king, we were a people of Jahiliyyah or ignorance. Worshiping idols. Eating corpses. Do evil deeds. Sever family ties. Mighty people attacked the weak. This is how our life was. At that time, Allah sent to us a prophet (ﷺ) from among us. A person from a well-known family who was known for his honesty, purity and loyalty. Worship only Allah, the Lord, and do not associate anyone with Him. The Prophetﷺ invited us to the messages, “Avoid the stones and sculptures that are worshiped apart from Him. He commanded us to pray and fast. Tell the truth. Be faithful, maintain family ties, treat neighbors well, do not steal property. or kill others. Do not bear false witness and donot defame the chaste women”. Such exhortations were given .
So when we started living in a good way, the people of the country hampered our independence. They used force to take us to the old way of life. They started attacking us. Then we came to this country to live peacefully.
Ja’afar’s conversation was well received by the king. He asked. Do you know any part of the scripture revealed to your prophet? Ja’afar said yes. Then recite a little. Ja’afar recited the first part of the Maryam chapter of the Holy Quran. Tears flowed through the beard of the king as well as of the surrounding patriarchs. Their scriptures were wet with their tears. As Mariyam and Eesa were mentioned in the holy Qur’an, it influenced the king and church members who were born Christians. Immediately the king said. What Prophets Jesus and Moses presented and now heard are from the same source! Different lines of light in the same lighthouse.
The king then asked Amr, the Quraish representative. Are there any of your slaves among the Muslims who came here? No. Do they owe you any loans? No. Amr replied.
At last the king said. I will never leave these people to you. You may go.’
When they came out, Amr said. Tomorrow I will try to the last trick . Aamir said. No. After all, they are our family and relatives. Amr said. Tomorrow I will tell the king that their belief in Prophet Jesus(A) is not true. That will benefit us .
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The very next day, Amr came to the king. He told the king that the Muslims have a wrong belief about the prophet Easa. The king called Jafar. Then the Muslims consulted what would be the problem? Now if we are asked for opinion about prophet Easa , what should we say? They all said with one voice, “Say what Allah and His Messenger have said.” Ja’afar said that today also I will present the matter myself.
The Companions came before the king and Amr and Umarat sat on either side. The patriarchs gathered and asked Ja’afar and his friends. What is your opinion about Prophet Jesus? We have to say the same thing that our Prophet told us. Jesus is the servant and messenger of Allah. He is the holy spirit that Allah has placed in His holy and chaste servant Mary. The king clapped his hands on the ground and took a piece of twig as soon as he heard it. What Ja’afar said is correct. There is no difference even like that of this twig. Patriarchs, no need to say more. But they started to make some noises. Immediately the king said that even if you make noise, it is correct. He was well-versed in vedas and beliefs about Prophets.
The king turned to the believers and continued. Welcome to you and to those who are with you. ‘I testify that Prophet Muhammadﷺ is the messenger of Allah. The true messenger who is prophesied in the “Torah” and retold in the “Injil”. You may live peacefully anywhere in this country. If it was not for this royal mission, I would have been the foot servant of the Prophetﷺ .He ordered to bring food and clothes to the believers. Then said. Dwell in safety. If anyone insult you in any way, they will be fined. He repeated this declaration three times and said, “I will not trouble any one of you even if I have been given a mountain of gold instead.”
In a report it can be read as follows. The king asked the Muslims. Does anyone bother you here? Some believers said, yes. He immediately called the person who was conducting the royal announcment and said that if anyone disturb any of the Muslims, he will be fined four dirhams. He asked the believers if that is enough. When said that it was not enough, he ordered to announce that the fine would be double or eight dirhams. According to the testimony of Musa bin Uqba, it is also said that ‘if anyone stare to one of the Muslims, he has acted against me’.
This historical reading is of great interest in the current era of refugee flows and mass exodus. It is also a read on how to apply the methodology of uniting through tolerance and fair debate.
The Quraish representatives Amr and Amir were sent back and said that the gifts they had brought should be returned to them. I don’t need. Allah has not taken a bribe from me to return my authority to me. Then how can I accept a bribe?
The Quraish delegation had to return much humiliated.
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‘That I did not bribe Allah to get back the power’.
There is a historical reason for the usage. ‘Najjashi or Negus’ is the general name given to the rulers of Abyssinia. The name of Najjashi who ruled during the time of the Prophet ﷺ was Azhamat bin Abjar. His father Abjar was supposed to be the ruler before him. But Abjar was killed and his brother took power. But the king(brother of Abjar) was very much fond of Azhamath. Showed affection towards him . But his own children were displeased with him. He had twelve children.They even said that if Azhamath grew up, he might kill his father’s killer-brother. They wanted to kill Azhamath as well. After killing his own brother, the ruler did not want to kill his son either. However, he yielded to his children’s insistence. He sold Azhamath as a slave for Six hundred Dhirhams. Thus deported him.The ruler died. The natives were not ready to give authority to any of his sons. They were not capable either. The natives searched for Azhamath and found him. They brought him to the country and bestowed him the crown. Finally, the person who bought him with money came to Habsha and said that either he should return the amount or Azhamath return as a slave. Locals intervened and gave money.
Remembering this interesting experience, Najjashi said that Allah gave him power without bribe.
A group of Abyssinian Christians resented the king for patronising the Muslims. The king longed earnestly that the Muslims should not suffer even if the opponents defeated him. He immediately called Ja’far. Then he said to the Muslims, “I have prepared a ship here. If I fail, you should board this ship and go to a safe place. If you know that I have won, you can stay here.”
Then he wrote a note. The content was like this: “I bear witness that there is no god but Allah. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is the servant and messenger of Allah. Easa, son of Maryam is the messenger and servant of Allah, the Word and the Holy Spirit of Him, communicated to Mariyam . This note was put in a cover and placed on the right shoulder. Then he faced the people of Abyssinia. He asked: O people , Aren’t you indebted to me. They said, yes!. How are my dealings with you? It is good. Then what is your problem? They said, O king, you have abandoned our religion. You believe that Easa is the servant of Allah. In fact, he is the son of Allah. Immediately he put his hand on the shoulder. Placing his hand on the written note, he said. Nothing beyond this. The listeners thought. Nothing beyond the Son of God. What the king meant was nothing beyond what he had written. The people said. We are satisfied. They parted.
Venerable Ummu Salama(R) explains . We lived in good prosperity under King Negus. In the meantime, another Abyssinian came to the scene claiming authority. We were very sad. We worried whether he would win. The fight between them is on the banks of the Nile. Companions consulted to decide who from our group will go directly to watch the battle scene? Zubair bin Al-Awwam, a young man in the group, said, “I will go….
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Umm Salama (R)Continued. We made a boat for Zubair. He got into it and travelled down the Nile to observe the battle scene. We prayed earnestly for Najjashi. Anxiously waited to see what would happen. Then Zubair came excitedly. Be happy. The Negus has won. We have never felt so happy in our life in Abyssinia as this occasion . The country and the locals are in joy and peace.
A very interesting story is quoted by Imam Tabrani in this chapter. It can be read as follows. This is the story of Amr and Umarat who went to Abyssinia as representatives of the Quraish. Amr was not a very handsome person.
But Umarat was very handsome. Amr’s wife fell in love with Umarat . They both
pushed Amr into the sea. Amr tried to swim. The captains helped him and got back on the ship. But Amr did not show any grudge . He said to his wife, Give Umar a kiss. Let him be happy.All the plans in Abyssinia became futile. They returned with humiliation. The journey continued. But Amr’s grudge was inside. He told Umar. You are very handsome!. ‘Beauty’ can quickly attract women. If you lure the king’s wife, sometimes we will be able to carry out our plans. Umara fell for it. He started his visits to woo the king’s wife. He
used the favorite perfume of the queen . Amr approached the king. Informed that Umarat was going to seduce the king’s wife. The anger of the king was aroused. He said. Had he not been a guest of my country, I would have killed Umarat. But we will give him a better punishment than killing .
He called the sorcerers . They chanted mantras and performed black magic on the urethra. Umara vanished into the forest. If he sees humans, he will run away and seek refuge in the forest. All his life was with wild animals . The condition continued until the reign of Umar (R). At that time, Abdullah bin Abi Rabi’a, the son of Umarat’s uncle, came to Abyssinia with the consent of the Caliph. Umarat was found traveling with wild animals. The appearance of the devil. Hair was long enough to cover the body.Long nails. Torn cloths. As he was going with the animals to the water, Abdullah caught him. He told him about his relationship and family. Umarat ran away. He caught him again. He screamed. Oh Bujair…let me go…, let me go. Abdullah held on. Umarat died soon after .
The believers were safe in Abyssinia. The king took good care of the messages and visions of the Prophet ﷺ. The letter sent by the Prophet ﷺ to the king and his reply is a very beautiful reading in history. The report of Imam Baihaqi (R) as follows. .’Peace be upon you..Praise be to Allah. From Muhammad bin Abdilla( ﷺ) to Al Azham Najjashi. I bear witness that Prophet Eesa is the servant, messenger and Holy Spirit of Allah. He communicated that soul in the Holy Mary. Just as Allah directly created the Prophet Adam, He put the soul in Mary and created Jesus impregnating her. I invite you to worship the One and only Allah. He has no partner. I am the Messenger of Allah. I am asking you to follow me, obey me and accept what is presented. I have sent Jaafar, son of my paternal brother, with a group. Accept them without boasting of authority . I call you to Allah. I have invited and advised you to which I have been invited and advised. The goodness that I received has been conveyed to you. Accept it. Peace be upon those who have taken the right path.
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Najjashi accepted the letter respectfully. He wrote the reply. The content can be read as follows: “Azham bin Abjar Al Najjashi writes to the Messenger of Allah, Muhammadﷺ. May the mercy, peace and grace of Allah be showered upon the Messenger of Allah. There is no deity to be worshiped but Allah, who guided me. O Messenger of Allah… I received what you wrote about the prophet Easa. Verily, by the Sustainer of the heavens and the earth, what you said about Prophet Easa is hundred percent correct explanation. The things said by the son of your paternal uncle and the messages sent were confirmed true. I bear witness that you are an honest and true Prophet. I follow you. I have taken the hand of your paternal uncle’s son and made a covenant with Allah. I am sending my son Ariha there. I obey you by all means. I will accept the messages as true. If you wish, I am ready to reach there.”
The king of Abyssinia accepted Islam. The believers lived happily there, and the news brought joy to Macca. The Muslims wanted to continue their migration to there. Abu Bakar (ra) also thought so.
Ayisha(R) says. The Prophetﷺ used to come to my father every morning and evening. During the days when trials increased, father decided to leave for Abyssinia. He left and reached ‘Barkul Ghimad’ . Ibn Dugunna, the provincial leader there, asked where are you going? Why are you leaving here?. The people here kick me out? I am going to leave the country to worship Allah quietly. Ibnu Dagunna said. You should not leave here. You should stay here as a haven for the poor and a solace for the helpless. I declare refuge for you. You should perform your worship in this country. Abu Bakar (R) said OK. Harith bin Khalid is also with me. Ibnu Dagunna said, “Let him continue his journey, you alone stay here.” So what is the value of friendship? asked Sideeque. But Harith continued his journey to Abyssinia along with fellow travellers. Ibn Dugunna went to the Quraish with Abu Bakar (R). He said, Abu Bakar, who helps the poor and entertains guests, should not leave this country. The Quraish accepted Ibn Dagunna’s protection. In yet another report the Quraish said. Let Abu Bakar continue worshiping and reciting the Qur’an at his own home. Should not be in public. Our families may be attracted by it.
Abu Bakar (R) continued worshiping inside the house. Soon, a masjid was built in the backyard and prayers and recitation of the holy Qur’an continued there. The women and children of the neighborhood were attracted to the worship of the great man. He used to weep while reciting the holy Qur’an. The people used to weep understanding the meaning of the verses recited. This frightened the Quraish. They said to Ibn Dagunna. Abu Bakar was allowed to perform worship inside the house on your surety. Now, he has built a masjid in the backyard and worship publicly. This is not fair . Ibn Dagunna approached Abu Bakar. Explained the situation. And continued. I don’t want someone in my protection to be assaulted. Because of that, you should perform worship inside the house or back off from my protection. Immediately Abu Bakar(R) said, I waive your protection and seek refuge in Allah.
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Ibn Ishaq continues. Abu Bakar(R) came to the holy Ka’aba after being freed from the protection of Ibn Dagunna. Then a foolish man from among the Quraish threw soil on the head of Sideeq(R) and at that time Waleed bin Mughira or Aas bin Wa’il passed by. Sidheeq(R) asked. Did you not see what one of your group did?. He said. You have brought this about yourself. Sideeq(R) then glorified Allah.
Trials increased the idealism of the believers. Despite the criticism, the lucky ones came to Islam. From Mecca, where pilgrims came from many countries, new news spread to all directions.
At that time Tufail bin Amr, a member of the tribe of ‘Daws’, came to Mecca. He was the leader the famous tribe as well as an intelligent poet. Quraish leaders approached him and said. ‘A person named Muhammad(ﷺ) appeared here in Mecca . He advocates his prophecy. Magical utterances are presented. It is sorcery. You should not listen to those words or visit that person’. Primarily Tufail believed it. He travelled cautiously. When he came to the courtyard of the holy Ka’aba, the Prophetﷺ was performing prayer from there. He covered his ears so as not to hear the holy Qur’an. But he happened to hear a part of the holy Quran recitation. He was attracted by it. Why shouldn’t I, who is wise and having ability to judge, listen to him? In any case, if it is good to hear it, then it can be accepted, if not, it can be avoided. He waited the Prophetﷺ until he returned home from the holy Ka’aba. When he was about to leave, he approached the Prophet ﷺ and said: O Muhammadﷺ. Your natives said many thing about you. They scared me. Accordingly, I came near the holy Ka’aba with my ears closed so as not to hear the words of the holy Qur’an. But I was lucky enough to hear the words.
Beautiful words. How beautiful!. Tell me what you are propagating. The Prophetﷺ recited the Holy Qur’an and listened to it. The one hundred and twelfth chapter ‘Al Ikhlas’ was the first to be recited. The theme of that chapter is monotheism or Tawheed. Thufail was well influenced by it. Then one hundred and thirteenth and fourteenth chapters of ‘Al Falaq and Al Naas’. Then he invited me to Islam. Beautiful words. What a righteous ideal!. What a beautiful code. I accepted Islam. Then I said. I am famous in my people. I will invite the natives to this path. And it would be good if I get a special miraculous evidence. The Holy Prophetﷺ prayed for it.
I returned home on a rainy and dark night. I reached a hill in the dark. Then, like a lamp between my eyes. The light shines on the way. I thought that if the light stand like this between my eyes, it will be seen like a black mark on my face. If it is changed to another part it would have been better. Soon the light shifted to the tip of the whip. It started to shine like a lamp lighted. It slowly went down the hill. It came near the house. My aged father came near. I said father, let’s keep a little distance. what is that my son?
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I have accepted the true faith. I have followed the religion of the Prophet Muhammadﷺ. My religion is the same as yours. I also want to accept Islam. Father said. Then I said to father, but if you come ready after getting clean. He came ready soon. I introduced Islam to him. He accepted Islam. After a while, my wife came to me. I said. Stay away for a while. My dear, why are you saying that? I follow Muhammadﷺ. I have become a Muslim. Now we will not match with each other. She said, whatever religion you follow that is my religion too. I said, but clean yourself and come ready. She came ready. I introduced Islam to her. She embraced Islam. But my mother did not follow. Then I invited the Daws tribe to Islam. They showed indifference. I approached the Prophetﷺ and complained. Fornication is widespread among the people of Daus. You should pray against them. The Prophet ﷺ said: Go back to your country. Be gentle with them.
I stayed in the country until the Prophetﷺ migrated to Madeena. Then I came to Khaibar with those who had joined the faith from Daws and followed the Prophetﷺ.
The Prophetﷺ engaged in preaching in Macca. Enemies changed their strategies. In the meantime, the Quraish leaders knowingly or unknowingly had to accept the personal glory of the Prophetﷺ. During this period such an incident happened in Macca. It is like this.
A man from Erash came to Macca. His camels were bought by Abul Hakam or Abu Jahl at a fixed price. But he did not pay the price. The Erashi approached many people to get his right from Abu Jahl. But to no avail. He reached the holy Ka’aba. In one part is the group of Quraish. In another part of the masjid, the Prophetﷺ is also sitting. This man called out. O Quraish! Who will take my right from Abul Hakam? The people from Quraish said,’’Tell that person who is sitting there.” Pointed to the Prophetﷺ intending to ridicule him. The Quraish laughed remembering Abu Jahl’s grudge towards the Prophetﷺ. That foreigner took their words seriously and went directly to the Prophetﷺ and expressed his grievance. The Prophetﷺ got up and walked with the man towards Abu Jahl’s house. The Quraish sent someone there to find out what would happen. The Prophet ﷺ went to the door of Abu Jahl’s house. He knocked on the door. Abu Jahl opened the door and stood humbly. The Prophetﷺ said. Come here. He came forward looking pale white. You should give his right. The Prophetﷺ said. He said ok. It should be given here. The Prophetﷺ said. He went in and came with the price of the camel and settled the deal with the Erashi. He went straight to the assembly of the Quraish. He publicly thanked the Prophetﷺ. The Quraish asked the person who went to watch the scene. Oh, what happened? He explained the scene. Soon Abu Jahl reached there. They asked him what happened? He said. Muhammadﷺ knocked at my door. I heard the sound and I was filled with fear. I opened the door and went out. There was a monster camel above the head of Muhammadﷺ, the like of which I have never seen, standing with its mouth open. If I did not obey, that camel will swallow me.
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We have read one of the amazing experiences of the enemies even while criticizing the Prophetﷺ. But due to envy and jealousy, they did not have the luck to reach the right path. The above incident shows us how much importance the Prophetﷺ gave to the protection of rights as he came to establish justice and fairness. We can read another incident in which the Prophetﷺ stood for justice. The Prophetﷺ was in the premise of the holy Ka’aba. And there were some of the disciples. There comes a man from the tribe of Zubaid. He calls out. If people are attacked like this in your ‘Haram’, how can people come here? How to do business here? Can any one sell goods here ? He asked these questions approaching each group of the Quraish. Finally he came to the Holy Prophetﷺ. The Prophetﷺ enquired . Who attacked you? He started saying. I came here with my three precious camels. Abu Jahl bargained which was only one-third of the value of the camels. Because he bargained , no one else become ready to buy them. He lowered the price of my goods and attacked me through it. The Prophet ﷺ asked, “Where are your camels?” They are in ‘Khaswarah’. He said. The disciples of the Prophetﷺ also walked with him. He came to the camels. Three healthy camels. He told the price to Zubaidi. He was satisfied and confirmed the price. The Prophetﷺ sold two of them. The price of the third was given to the widows of the Muttalib family. Abu Jahl, who had watched the whole scene, was sitting in a corner of the market in silence. The Prophet ﷺ walked there and said. Now if you do to someone like what was done to the villager Arab, you will have to see from me what you do not like. Abu Jahl said. No, I will not do it again.. No, I will not do it again. The Prophet ﷺ turned and walked away.
Immediately, Umayyat bin Khalaf and his friends came to Abu Jahl. They asked him why he responded so humbly to Muhammadﷺ. Is it because of fear or is there any plan to follow Muhammadﷺ? Hey, I’ll never follow. And there is a reason why I behaved like that. When Muhammadﷺ came to me, there were two men carrying spears on the left and right of him. I was afraid that if I said something against him, they would jump upon me.
The reputation of the Prophetﷺ continued to rise despite the opposition in Macca. The enemy’s camps faced defeat day by day. Groups were coming to Mecca from different countries. The Quranic verses were revealed mentioning all the important events. Let’s read such a statement quoted by Ibn Ishaq. After hearing the news from Ethiopia, about twenty Christians came to Mecca and met the Prophetﷺ near the holy Ka’aba. The Quraish were sitting in their groups watching this scene. The Christian group conversed with the Prophetﷺ. Introduced Islam to them and then recited the holy Qur’an to them. The sweetness of recitation and content influenced them. Their eyes filled with tears. They answered the invitation of the beloved Prophetﷺ. They Accepted Islam.
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They rose from near the Holy Prophet ﷺ . Abu Jahl and his group who were watching the scene turned towards them and started saying this. May Allah defeat you! Were you not assigned by your followers to enquire about this person? But by the time you met him, you left your religion and embraced a new religion, didn’t you? How stupid are you guys? They replied. You have your stance and we have our way.
The predominant opinion is that this group that approached the Prophet ﷺ were Christian representatives from Najran. The arrival and approach of this group is mentioned in the verses fifty-two to fifty-six of the twenty-eighth chapter (Al Qasas) of the holy Qur’an. The idea can be read as follows: (As to) those whom We gave the Scripture in the past, believe in this Qur’an. When the Qur’an is recited to them they say : We believe in it indeed it is the truth from our Lord; We have obeyed before this . Such will be given a double reward for their patience and they repel evil with good and spend out of what We have given them .They will turn away from idle talk when they hear it . Then they will say, ‘We do not want to follow fools. You have your deeds and we have our deeds; peace be on you, we do not desire the ignorant. You can go ”
Imam Zuhri has recorded the opinion that these verses are referring to King Najashi and his followers. Also, verses eighty-two and eighty-three of the fifth chapter, Al-Ma’ida of the holy Qur’an, are the verses that express the central idea of this event.
The holy Qur’an and the Holy Prophet ﷺ were marking the reputation . The Quraish were observing how every movement in the world could be used against the Muslims. It is at that time, Persia defeated Rome. The Quraish of Mecca were happy. They told the Muslims. The fire-worshipping Persians have defeated the Vedic Rome. In a little while, we will defeat you too. The Prophet ﷺ knew their remark . Then he recited verses one to six of the thirtieth chapter of the Qur’an, Al Rum. The idea is: “Alif Lam Meem, the Romans are defeated, in a near land, and they, After this defeat, will be victorious in a few years. Allah’s is the command before and after; and on the day, the believers shall rejoice . He helps those who He wills. He is the Merciful and the Mighty. This is what Allah promised. He will not break His promise. But most people do not know that. The victory of Rome was not even conceivable. They gave many meanings to the Qura’nic usage; ‘within few years’ . Ubay bin Khalaf made a bet to Abu Bakar (R). If Rome wins within three years, he will give Abu Bakar ten excellent camels. If not, Ubayy should be given ten camels. The Prophet ﷺ knew this . Advised Abu Bakar; The Qur’an used the term “Bil’a Sineen” to denote some years. The word “Bil’a’ also means, ‘ less than ten years’ . So make the bet within ten years. Increase the reward to one hundred . Abu Bakar (R) talked to Ubayy and re-determined the time and object of the bet. This bet with determination surprised the enemies.
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The prophecy of the Prophetﷺ was in 615 AD. Days passed. When Abu Bakar(R) migrated to Madeena in 622 AD, Ubayy reminded Sideeq(R) of the bet. Sideeq(R) entrusted his son Abdullah with keeping the bet in his absence. Later, when Ubayy left for Uhud, Abdullah approached Ubayy and asked Ubayy to determine the person responsible for the bet. It was decided. Ubayy died from the injuries he received at Uhud.
Caesar Hercules left Constantinople secretly and went to the Tarap Zone. The journey was via the Black Sea. Plans were made to attack Persia from the side of the Pashtu.With the help of the Christian churches, Hercules launched a counterattack from Armenia in 623 AD. The clash shook the foundations of the Persian Empire. In the next year intruded to Azarbejan and conquered Irmia, the centre of Sourashtra. Rome then inflicted constant blows on Persia. Finally, in 627, the foundation of the Persian Empire was shaken at the battle of ‘Neenawa’.
According to Gibbon, an English historian, “in the seven-eight years following the revelation of the Qur’an, the failure of Persia was inconceivable, and it was even feared that whether Rome would survive.”
Following the victory of Rome, Ubayy’s successors conceded defeat. They gave the promised camels to Abu Bakar Sideeq(R). The camels were accepted from the warring enemies as gambling was done before the Prohibition came into force.
It was the 10th year of the declaration of prophecy. Abu Talib, the uncle of the Prophetﷺ was ill. After the death of his grandfather, he was the person who was everything to the beloved Prophetﷺ from the age of eight. Prophetﷺ was very sad during his illness. The main source of comfort in the circle of trials, was lying down. The Prophetﷺ used to visit him from time to time. Narrated by Saeed Bin Al Musayyab(RA). Finally, when Abu Talib was about to die, the Prophetﷺ went near. Then Abu Jahl Abdullah ibn Abi Uchatabn al-Mughira, prominent Quraish leaders, were near. The Prophetﷺ said Abu Talib, “Oh uncle, say the word ‘La ilaha illa Allah’. I will stand as a witness for you before Allah.” Immediately Abu Jahl and Abdullah said. O Abu Talib, are you rejecting Muttalib’s way? They repeated this to Abu Talib whenever the Prophetﷺ told him to recite La ilaha illa Allah. Finally he said. I am on the path of Abdul Muttalib. He did not say La ilaha illa Allah. Then the Prophetﷺ said, ‘I will seek forgiveness for you until I am forbidden.’ Then the hundred and thirteenth verse of the chapter of Taubah of the holy Qur’an was revealed. “Neither the Prophet nor the believers can seek forgiveness for the polytheists. Even if they are close relatives. (After it is clear that they are the inheritors of hell)”The fifty-sixth verse of Al-Qasas chapter was also revealed relating the same matter.”O Prophet, surely you cannot guide whom you love, but Allah guides whom He pleases, and He knows best the followers of the right way”.
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Those who have gone through the primary meaning of the above quotations are of the opinion that Abu Talib died as a disbeliever. But those who have reviewed the attitudes and circumstances of Abu Talib’s life have recorded the view that he passed away as a believer in heart. Those who presented this observation also have clear explanations about the verses cited by the first proponents. The most important thing is that Abu Talib is not the reason for the revelation of none of the above verses.
We can summarize the facts on which both the groups agree on this subject.
1. Abu Talib was the protector of the Prophet ﷺ at all times.
2. In many poems and statements he has accepted the idea as true and correct which was advanced by the Prophet ﷺ .
3. Neither the prophet nor Islam were rejected or blamed even when faced with severe trials of siege.
4. When his own sons Ali, Ja’far (R) etc. followed the Prophetﷺ, he did not condemn or repel them, but encouraged them.
5. At the departing stage, when the Prophet ﷺ recited the oath, he did not recite it. Instead, in order to satisfy the Quraish leaders, he said that he was in Abdul Muttalib’s path.
6. But even then he did not invoke gods or cite other deities or deny the Tawheed.
The main point of disagreement between the two groups , is whether a person who does not publicly declare the oath, is called a believer or not. One side says that he is not considered a believer because he did not utter the oath when he was asked to declare it. There are hadiths and other narrations that can be cited as evidence for them. The narrations of Abbas (RA) and Ali (RA) are among them.
The one hundred and fifty-seventh verse of the A’raf chapter of the Holy Qur’an gives support to those who advocate that he should be considered as a believer. The idea goes like this. “Then those who believe in the Prophetﷺ, support him, help him, and follow the light that has been presented with him, they are the successful ”
All the attributes mentioned in this verse are found in Abu Talib. Therefore, the argument is that he should be considered as a true believer. Books have been written only on the theme that Abu Talib is a believer and a winner. Imam Barzanji’s ‘Bigyatu Talib Li Imani Abi Talib wa Husni Khatimatihi’, Muhammad Mueen Al Hindi’s ‘Isbatu Islami Abittalib’, Muhammad Afandi’s ‘”Assah Muswaib Ila Kabidi Man Aada Aba Talib”‘ Assayed Ali Kabir’s ‘”Gayatul Matwalib Fi Bahsi Imani Abi Twalib”‘, Ahmad Fayl’s “Failul Vahib fe Najathi Abi Talib” and “‘Asnal Matalib”‘ by Imam Zaini Dahlan, a hadith scholar and mufti of Mecca.
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Abu Talib’s death saddened the Prophet ﷺ very much. Before the wounds of that departure could heal, his dear wife Khadeeja (R.A.) fell ill. Soon after, the beloved also passed away.
Wife Khadeeja (R) was not only a wife of the Prophet ﷺ. Sometimes she was a mother and sometimes a friend. She was a source of energy and comfort. Her maturity and glory gave him support and shade. She was a wonderful presence that combined the touch of love and the pivot of diplomacy. The Prophet ﷺ also had the task of comforting her three tearful daughters during her last moments.The Prophet ﷺ shared with his children the information that Jibreel (A) had wished her good luck. This gave them comfort.
The body of the beloved Khadeeja was carried by the Prophet ﷺ with red eyes to the graveyard of “Hajun or Jannatul Mualla”. Abu Talib was also buried there. Funeral prayer was not a law at that time. So they took her straight from the house to the grave. The Prophet ﷺ got down in the grave. With a beating heart and flowing eyes, he said goodbye to his beloved. During the following thirteen years of preaching, the Prophet ﷺ kept remembering her in every blessed moments. Sometimes in that blessed memory, he gave gifts to her friends.Distributed food slaughtering goat. Khadeeja was hailed as the greatest jewel of fortune who had a palace built in Paradise in the Hereafter.
The close death of two people who gave shelter and comfort to the Prophet ﷺ. The tenth year of the declaration of Prophecy was marked as ‘Amul huzun’ or the ‘Year of Sorrow’.
Abu Talib’s absence gave the enemies a little more power. They took advantage of the fact that the person who had the right and authority to defend, was no more . At a critical moment, the beloved Prophet ﷺ said it openly. ‘Oh! my uncle how quickly your absence troubled me!. At that time an idiot from the Quraish threw dirt on his head.He quickly walked home. The daughter burst into tears and washed his head. The beloved Prophet ﷺ said, “Don’t cry, may Allah protect me .” Ha.. No one dared to do this until Abu Talib died.
For the next few days, the Prophet ﷺ spent most of his time at home dealing with household affairs.He was thinking about the coming days in the path of preaching.
Meanwhile, a curious incident happened. Abu Lahab realized the crisis that the Prophet ﷺ was experiencing due to Abu Talib’s absence. A thought of blood relation came to him that it was his nephew who was suffering. He approached the Prophet ﷺ and said, O Muhammad ﷺ, do all the things that you did when Abu Talib was alive. No one will disturb you until I die. By Lata and Uzza, I will be with you. Then a man named Abu Ghaithwala abused the Prophet ﷺ. Abu Lahab confronted him. Immediately he withdrew. The man called out. O Quraysh. Abu Utba (Abu lahab) has converted. Became Sabiee…
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Hearing the shout of Abu Ghaitwala, the Quraish ran and asked Abu Lahab. What are we listening to? He said. Nothing. I have never left the religion of Abdul Mutlalib. And I only protected my nephew : let him do what he want .The Quraish said it is good. You have strengthened family ties. That’s a good thing anyway.
A few days passed. Because of Abu Lahab, the Quraish were unable harm the Prophet ﷺ. So Uqba bin Abi Muayt and Abu Jahl approached Abu Lahab and asked. What your nephew said about “Where will your father go?” Or Abdul Mutalib in heaven or hell? Abu Lahab asked the Prophet ﷺ. O Muhammad ﷺ where will my father arrive? The Prophet ﷺ said ‘ the place where his people will arrive’. Abu Lahab conveyed this answer to them. They said. What he said means that Abdul Mutalib is in Hell. Abu Lahab asked the Prophet ﷺ again. Will Abdul Mutalib go to hell? The people who believe in partners with Allah, will surely enter Hell. The Prophet ﷺ responded. If they are in hell, then I will not defend you from the enemies. Abu Lahab said.
The enemies were again emboldened. They came strongly against the Prophet ﷺ. Abu Lahab, Hakam bin Abil Aas, Uqbat bin Abi Mu’itw, Adiy bin Al Hamraa, Ibn Asada al Hudali, stood in the forefront as the main enemies. Some of them put rotten bowels of goat on his body while he was praying. Some put the bowels of goat in to his utensil.He had to hide in Hijr Ismail to pray safely. It can be seen in a narration of Imam Bukhari (R) . Urwa (R) says. I asked Amr bin Al-Aas(R) . Can you tell me the scene where the Quraish inflicted the Prophet ﷺ the most severe hardship? He said. Once the Prophet ﷺ was praying at the Hijr of the holy Ka’aba (Hijr Ismail). A man named Uqbat bin Abi Mu’itw came near.He wrapped a cloth around the neck of the Prophet ﷺ. Seeing this Abu Bakar (R) came running and stopped him and asked, “Are you killing a person for saying, ‘My Lord is Allah?’. He has given you the necessary documents.
Imam Tabrani has added an appendix . The Prophet ﷺ got up. After performing the prayer, he turned to the Quraish who were sitting in the shade of the holy Ka’aba.He gestured to his neck and said . I have been appointed not but for slaughter. ( He said this remembering the sacrifice of Ismail (A) and father Abdulla). Soon Abul Hakam said intending the Prophetﷺ “ignorant”. Then the Prophetﷺ responded. You are among the jahils or the ignorant.
Anas (R) narrates an experience of that time. One day they beat the Prophet ﷺ. He fell unconscious. Abu Bakar (R) came to him raising his voice. Are you killing a person for saying that Allah is my Lord? Damn you..
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There are many incidents of trials in Hadeeth that the Prophet ﷺ and his followers faced at that time . A summary of an incident narrated by Imam Bukhari and Muslim(R) can be read as follows. Abdullah bin Masuood (R) says. One day the Prophet ﷺ was performing prayer from near the the holy Ka’aba. A group of Quraish were sitting not far away. Abu Jahl asked his friends. Who will bring the guts of the camel that was slaughtered yesterday and put it on the shoulder of Muhammad ﷺ. Uqba bin Abi Mu’itw, the most evil of the group, stood up. He brought the guts of the camel that was slaughtered the other day. He put it on the Prophet’sﷺ shoulder when he was in prostration. They giggled and leaned to right and left. The Prophet ﷺ could not get up from prostration. I was standing there watching. If I could defend myself, I would have taken it and removed it. Someone informed Fatimah (R) . A young girl, Fatimah came running accusing the Quraish . She removed the bowel with much effort . The Prophet ﷺ raised his head. Praised Allah after the prayer. He raised his head and hands to the sky and began to pray against the Quraish. When the Prophet ﷺ prayed, he would repeat the words three times. Thus the prayer was performed. “O Allah, punish Abu Jahl, Utba, Waleed, Shaiba, Umayyah and Uqba… There was a seventh person whose name I have forgotten.
The joy of the enemies faded when they saw his supplication . Ibn Mas’uood continues. I saw that every one mentioned here by name fell down at Badr. And later all of them were thrown in to the bottom of the well.
Imam Tabari adds a continuation here. After this incident, the Prophet ﷺ went out of the masjid and met Abul Bukhtiri who was coming with a whip in his hand. He could read a kind of dipression on the face of the Prophet ﷺ and asked. What happened? The Prophet ﷺ said nothing, you may go. He was not ready to leave. When the Prophet ﷺ was unable to refrain from disclosing , he described the incident . He took the Prophet ﷺ with him and came to the courtyard of the masjid . Abul Bukhtiri asked Abu Jahl, “Are you the one who ordered to put bowels on Muhammad ﷺ . He said, yes. Abul Bukhatiri raised his whip and hit Abu Jahl on the head .He yelled . The onlookers ran around. Abu Jahl said, “Woe to you Muhammad (ﷺ) for creating enmity between us and escaping with followers.
Normally, the Prophet ﷺ did not pray against anyone. He did not get angry with anyone for his own interests. He does not breed enmity, but if the truth is denied or values are harmed, he does not fail to protest . He cannot tolerate mockery of Allah’s signs or laws. The problem is that in this incident, the closest form of worship to the Lord was mocked at . It was unbearable for him. The narrator of this incident, Ibn Mas’uood (R) explained that there is only one such incident in which the Prophet of Mercy prayed against anyone .
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Anas (R) reports the situation in Mecca after Abu Talib’s death. One day the Quraish fatally attacked the Prophet ﷺ. He was in a state of losing consciousness. Suddenly Abu Bakar (R) came running and raised his voice asking the Quraish. ‘Are you trying kill a person who said Allah is my Lord? What a pity!
The intervention of Abu Bakar (R)during the period of trial, was bold . Abu Nu’aim cites a striking incident . Muhammad bin Aqeel says. Ali (R) asked during a lecture. ‘Tell me who is the bravest among the people ? . We said. You are Ameerul Mu’mineen or the Caliph . He immediately said. I have vanquished every enemy I have faced, that is not my question. Who is the greatest dauntless or brave?. We said. Let him tell. It is Abu Bakar(R). Because the Quraish confronted the Prophet ﷺ one day and began to push and hurt him. Then they said. It is this person who has made many gods into one god. He has rejected our idols. We cannot go there to protect him. Abu Bakar (R) entered directly. He faced those who surrounded the Prophet ﷺ. Some of them were pushed away and some were driven away. He said .Damn you, ‘are you killing a man for saying ; Allah is my Lord’. Having said all this, Ali (R) took the blanket and wrapped it around him. He started crying. Tears flowed down his beard. Asked the audiance .who is great; Abu Bakar or a believer of Pharaoh’s people? The audience said nothing. Immediately Ali continued. Why are you silent? A moment in the life of Abu Bakar is equal to the life of a believer in the family of Pharaoh. They are the ones who have hidden their faith and endured. But Abu Bakar is the one who openly declared his faith.
We are talking about the events of the 10th year of the Nubbuvvah Many of the responses in Mecca are unbearable. What a way to convince the values of Islamic culture. What if we seek support from the ‘Saqeef’ tribe? The Prophet ﷺ thought. Saqeef tribe lives in Twaif. Family members of the Prophet ﷺ are there. So the Prophet ﷺ left for Taif in Shawwal of the 10th year of Nubuvva. Za’id bin Haritha was also there. The Prophet ﷺ reached Twaif with a good hope of being accepted by the people of Twaif and approached the nobles of the Saqeef tribe. The prominent among them were three brothers who were sons of Amr bin Umair. Their names were Abdu Yalil, Habib and Masuood. Safwan bin Umayyah’s mother, Quraish woman Safiyyah, was the wife of one of them.
The Prophet ﷺ visited them personally, introduced Islam to them , asked for their support, and asked to be with him against the enemies. After hearing everything, one of them said sarcastically. If Allah has appointed Muhammad ﷺ as a prophet, I would tear down the roof of the holy Ka’aba.
The next one asked. Didn’t get someone else to be appointed as a prophet? The third one said, by God, I am not speaking anything. If he is really a prophet, it is better that I do not speak. If he is a false prophet, then it is not appropriate to speak. The Prophet ﷺ got up from there with pain that there is no hope in the Saqeef tribe. He said ‘ I don’t mind what you said and done to me. But you should not spread this.
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The Prophet ﷺ spent ten days in Twaif. In another report a month. He visited all the prominent people of Twaif. Communicated with them. But none of them accepted. They all turned against him . Asked him to leave Twaif. More over they instigated children, fools and slaves against him. They started to hurt him pelting stone at him. Howled and abused him. At times all of them turned against him. He got injured on his legs and started bleeding. Enemies lined up in two rows on the path of the Prophet ﷺ. They attacked the Prophet ﷺ from both sides. His sacred body was injured. Zaid bin Haritha, who was with him, tried his level best to protect the Prophetﷺ. Finally his head got injured.When he got up from his sitting position and started walking, the enemies attacked again.
Ibn Uqba continues. The Prophetﷺ somehow managed to escape from them with both legs bleeding. Entered a garden with aching body and mind. Thought to take some shade under a tree. Rabi’a’s sons, Utba and Shaiba were in that garden. The garden is theirs. They are also enemies of Islam and the Prophetﷺ. However, he sat beneath a tree for a while. Imam Tabrani writes a continuation here which can be read as follows. The Prophet ﷺ reached near the tree and prayed two Rak’ahs. Then he prayed to Allah. “O Allah, I complain to You. My lack of strength, my lack of strategy, my limitation in front of the people. O Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Merciful! You are the Protector of the weak, O Allah, the Protector of the helpless! To whom do you hand me over? To these adversaries? If it were not for your anger and displeasure, I would not care. My strength is the healing that you give. I seek refuge in You from Your wrath, Who rightly controls and illuminates this whole world. You alone have all control and power, O Allah.”
Utba and Shayba felt compassion when they saw the Prophet ﷺ sitting under a tree and praying. They called their servant and asked to take a bunch of grapes from there and give it to the person under the tree . Then tell him to eat it. Addas obeyed. Asked to eat. The Prophetﷺ accepted it. He began to eat saying ‘Bismillah’; in the name of Allah. Addas looked at his face and stood close to him without taking his eyes off. These words are not used by the natives. Addas exclaimed. Then the Prophet ﷺ asked. Which country are you from? What religion you follow ? I am a christian from Neenawa. Oh, from the land of Yunus ibn Mata, the pious man. Do you know who Yunus bin Mata is? When I was traveling from Neenawa, not even ten people knew Yunus bin Mata. How can you, who lives among illiterate people, know such a person.The Prophet ﷺ replied. It is my brother, the Prophet. I am also the Messenger of Allah. Addas bowed humbly and kissed his head and feet. One of Rabi’a’s sons, who was watching the scene, said to another. He has destroyed your servant.The master asked the servant who came back. Why did you kiss that person’s head and feet? He said, “Oh my lord, there is no one on the earth as great as this man . He told me something that only a prophet can say. As soon as they heard it, they said, “Alas! Adas, don’t leave your religion. It is better than the religion of that person.
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Not a single man or woman from Twaif accepted the invitation of the Prophet ﷺ. Returned from there sadly. In a narration, Khalidul Adawani says like this .He was leaning on a bow in the street of Twaif. Then heard Muhammad ﷺ reciting the eighty-sixth chapter of the holy Qur’an, “Al Twariq”. I memorized it. I was a polytheist then. Later in Islam I recited it.
The people of Twaif asked me when they saw me listening carefully to something from the Prophet. What did you hear from Muhammad ﷺ?.I made them hear what I heard. By that time, a Quraish in that group said, “Don’t we know the person in our country very well?” If there is any truth in what he says, wouldn’t we follow?
The Quraish were also obstructing the way of other’s search of truth . The beloved Prophet ﷺ’s trials in Twaif were unforgettable in his memory. Here is a hadith narrated by Imam Bukhari and Imam Ahmad (R). Ayisha (R) asked the Prophet ﷺ.Has he faced any day more difficult than the day of the Battle of Uhud? He said this. Ayisha, the most poignant experience I encountered among your people was when Yaleel bin Abd Kulal was invited to Islam at Aqaba in Tawaif. No one accepted my invitation. I went back with a heavy heart. I was relieved when I reached the area called ‘Qarnu Sa’alib’. I looked up and saw a group of clouds spreading shade. When I looked at it, it was Angel Jibreel. The Angel called me saying Salam. O Muhammad ﷺ. Allah knows the affairs of your people and how they responded to you . That is why he has sent the angel with the charge of mountain. Command the angel what you want. Immediately the angel of the mountain called him said ‘Salam’ . Allah knows what your people said and responded to you . I am the angel in charge of mountain . So command what you want. That is what I have been appointed for. If you wish, two mountains can be overturned on them. Then the Prophet ﷺ said, “No. My wish is that Allah should raise among them those who worship Him alone so that they do not associate anything with Allah.”
It is as follows in the narration of Ikrimah (R). The Prophet ﷺ said, Jibreel came to me and said, “Allah has sent salutations to you. This is the angel incharge of the mountains. The order has been given to carry out whatever is commanded by you .”
I want to give them a chance’. I expect from their line in future who say Lailaha illallah. The Prophet ﷺ responded. Then the angel said. As Allah named you ‘Raoof’ and ‘Raheem’, you are merciful and forgiving.
When the Prophet ﷺ was about to return to Mecca from Twaif, Zaid bin Haritha who was with him asked how he would go back to Mecca .As he was compelled to go out from there . Didn’t they expel you from there? Nay, Zaid, Allah, who gave a way and solution in all these matters, will surely help his religion.
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The Prophetﷺ and Zaid bin Haritha(R) reached near the Hira. It was possible to enter Mecca only under the protection of a guarantor. For that, Abdullah ibn Uraikhit was sent to a noble man named Akhnas bin Shareeq. He said that I am a covenanted person so I am not allowed to give refuge to someone else. Then sought refuge with Suhail bin Amr. He said, ‘the Banu Amir tribe doesn’t give refuge to the Banu Ka’b tribe’. Finally, asked Mutim bin Adiyy . He welcomed and asked the Prophetﷺ to come. The first two who denied refuge converted to Islam later on. But the third one who gave refuge was not so lucky. Muti’m started the next morning. He came to the holy Ka’aba with six or seven of his armed sons. He asked the Prophetﷺ to circumambulate the holy Ka’aba. Then Abu Sufiyan enquired Mutim. Did you join the religion of Muhammadﷺ or gave him refuge. Mutim said I only gave shelter. Abu Sufyan sat there with Mut’im until the Prophetﷺ completed Tawaf, saying,” it is not a problem, we have given refuge to the person for whom you have given refuge.” When the Prophetﷺ went home, Muti’m went to the Majlis with his companions. He died after the Hijra of the Prophet ﷺ. The obligation to him was in the heart of the Prophet ﷺ. He said, “If Muti’m had spoken for the captives of Badr, I would have had to release them.” A situation where one has to enter one’s own native land with someone else’s protection. The situation, in which the circumambulation of the holy Ka’aba is not permitted. The cries of the persecuted believers, the displaced families, the days and nights of inhuman cruelty. The beloved Prophetﷺ was waiting for new commands from Allah.
Meanwhile, when returning from Tawaif to Mecca, a very different experience became part of the history of the Prophet ﷺ. Imam Ibn Sa’ad and Ibn Ishaq cite. The Prophetﷺ was returning from Saqeef without achieving his goal. He was going to Mecca. On the way, some Jinn heard the recitation of the holy Qur’an from the Prophet ﷺ in the midnight. According to Ibn Ishaq, they were seven from the tribe of Nazeebeen. After prayer they went to their group and recited the verses,heard from the Prophetﷺ to their group. They accepted and agreed. This incident is mentioned in the forty-sixth chapter of the Holy Qur’an, Al-Ahqaf, verses twenty-nine to thirty-one. The idea is as follows: “It is noteworthy that when we turned towards you a group of jinn to listen to the holy Qur’an. They told each other to remain silent while he was reciting the holy Qur’an. After the recitation, they returned to their group. Then they said, “O people, we have heard a scripture after the Prophet Musa, which calls to righteousness and goodness. And confirming the earlier Vedas”
It is said that there were nine Jinns who came as representatives of the jinn and one of them was named Saubia. They came to Hujun with three from the jinn tribe. The Prophetﷺ allowed time for them. There was no companion with the Prophet ﷺ on this night. In another meeting Ibn Masuood (R) was with him.
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Despite the trials, the Prophet ﷺ did not control his preaching activities. The first three years of his declaration of prophecy , were secret preaching. It has been ten years since the public preaching started. The invitation to the true path continued unabated. Protests and reactions took many forms. The Prophet ﷺ made a direct attempt targeting the tribes. The seasons when the pilgrims arrived in Mecca were selected for it. Those who came to Mecca stayed mainly in Ukaz, Dul Majas and Majinna . The Prophet ﷺ would follow the Hajis coming from the holy Ka’aba. He would find the places where they camped and adress them . He would enquire about the places of other pilgrims . Then he would follow each tribe and advice them, “Say, La ilaha illa Allah you will succeed. If you believe, you will be the kings of Paradise.” By then the Quraish also would have reached there. They often have Abu Lahab as their leader. They will say to the pilgrims. You should not obey this person. This is a Sabiee . Immediately the tribes will react harshly. They will say harsh words. The natives do know a person well. They will respond. The beloved Prophet ﷺ will painfully look for the next opportunities.
In the report of Imam Baihaqi, Rabee’at bin Ibad says, “I was standing in Mina with my father when I was young. Then I was able to witness the scene where the Prophet ﷺ invited the Arab tribes to Islam. The Prophet ﷺ said: “I am the messenger, whom Allah has sent to you. It is commanded that you worship
Him alone and associate no one with Him. Abstain from the idols you worship. Believe in me and follow me . Accompany me to explain the mission that Allah has assigned me. The people gathered around him. No matter who asked what, he did not remain silent. At that time, a man with a white body came from behind with an Adani cloth and two fore locks . No sooner the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ ended his talk , than he began to talk . Oh people this person tells you to avoid Lata, Uzza and the jinns whom we invoke. Don’t obey him ! This person has a new thought . Don’t join! Rabeea says. I asked my father . Who is the person speaking from behind ? He said. It is Abu Lahab, the Prophet’s ﷺ paternal uncle.”
Mudrik bin Muneeb says that he heard the experience of his grandfather from his father. During Jahiliyyah period one day , I happened to see the Messenger of Allah. He says ‘Oh people say La ilaha illa Allah, you will succeed .On hearing this, some of them turned their heads, some of them threw soil on his head and some of them scolded him. It continued till midday. Then a young girl came there. She washed the hand and face of the Prophet ﷺ with the water she brought in the bowl. The Prophet ﷺ said. “Don’t be afraid of humiliation and failure to your father my daughter”. I asked my father who is that?. It is the Prophet’s ﷺ daughter, Zainab (R).
At that time Abu Lahab’s greatest pastime was to walk behind the Prophet ﷺ and cause troubles. Abu Jahl used to be in front when Abu Lahab could not reach.
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The taunts and rebukes hurt the Prophet ﷺ. Everything was faced with patience in the way of Allah. By that time, the comforting verses of the holy Qur’an were revealed. “And apostles before you were certainly mocked at, but I gave a respite to those who disbelieved, then I destroyed them; how was my requital (of evil)”.(Al Ra’ad 32). In chapter ‘Al Hijr’, Allah says. “Surely we will suffice you against the scoffers. Those who set up another god with Allah; so they shall know soon. And surely we know that your breast straitens at what they say; therefore celebrate the praise of your Lord, and be of those who make obeisance. And serve your Lord until there comes to you that which is certain.” (Al-Hijr/95-99).
The beloved Prophet ﷺ sincerely desired the favor of Allah. He moved forward with more enthusiasm and caution in the way of action. But those who mocked him, became ridiculed in front of the people. Their experiences became good lessons for others.
1. Al-Aswad bin Abd Yaghus: Baladuri narrates. When he(Aswad) sees the believers, he would say. Oh, the kings of the world have come who will defeat Kisra and Caesar. They will ask the Prophet ﷺ, is there any news from the sky today? This is constantly being asked ironically. One day he went out of the house. He was poisoned. His face, which was white and handsome, turned dark and pale. He became like a black man in Abyssinia. His family ostracized him. He wandered in panic. He died thirsty and exhausted. He felt the result of his bad deed.
2. Harith bin Qays Assahmi: Known as the son of mother Anthila. He worshiped stone. A beautiful stone is worshipped, and if another stone is seen that is more beautiful than the former , then the first one is avoided and a new one is worshipped. This was the method. There is a mention about him in the forty-third verse of the Al-Furqan chapter of the holy Qur’an. The idea is: “Have you thought about the one who made his own will as God? Can you take it upon yourself to guide them?” He used to say. Muhammad ﷺ has deceived himself and his followers by saying, there is life after death. Time destroys everything. Seasons are the cause of change. He approached the religion and the Prophet ﷺ sarcastically. This is the reading of his end. He ate salted fish. Became thirsty. Drank more and more water. He died of a stomach ailment. There are other opinions about his bad end.
3. Aswad Bin Al Mutalib: He mocked the Prophet and his followers constantly. He made fun of them as ‘the great kings of the world, the possessors of Kisra and Caesar’. He told many stories that hurt the Prophet ﷺ. Finally, he too had to suffer a severe punishment . He also had a bad end. His own son hit him in the face. On the way to receive his son coming from Sham, he rested under a tree. From there he was hit in the face and lost his eye sight. His sons Sam’a and Aqeel were killed in Badr. Abu Dujana and Ali(R) faced them respectively.
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4. Aas bin Wa’il: He was the one who stood in the front in criticizing the Prophetﷺ and his followers. There is a narration like this in the hadiths that Khabbab bin Al Arath says. I was a blackmith during Jahiliyyah period. I made a sword for Aas Ibn Wail. I went to get the money for that work . He said, I will not give you what I owe without denying Muhammad ﷺ. I said. I will not deny the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ until you die and reborn. Will I be resurrected after I died?. He asked in surprise. I said yes. He continued. But I will give whatever I owe you there. Kabbab…. you and your leader are not more influential near Allah than me . On this argument , the Holy Qur’an revealed verses seventy-seven to eighty of the Maryam chapter. The idea is as follows: “Have you not seen the one who refuses to accept our verses and boasts that he will get wealth and children?
Or did he know anything unseen or take a covenant from Allah, the Most Merciful? No, not at all. We record everything he says and We strengthen his punishment.” This is the description of his end in the Seerah books. While traveling to Twaif on a donkey. The vehicle disobeyed. He fell to the ground and injured his leg. The injury was serious. He went to Twaif to treat but soon he died. Met a tragic end.
5. Abu Lahab: Abu Lahab was the strong critic and mocker of the Prophet ﷺ. Abu Lahab did all despicable things like dumbing garbage at the entrance of the Prophet’s(ﷺ) house, following and mocking him. We have read many scenes of his evil deeds in the last several chapters. His ignominious end has been made clear in the holy Qur’an itself.
In addition to those enumerated, the later histories of Waleed bin Al Mugheera, Hakam bin Abul Aas
and Malik bin Twalatwila and others have also been included in the Seerah books.
The punishment for worshippers of violance and darkness, is the moral we get from history.The Prophet ﷺ did not wish for anyone’s suffering or disaster. He did not pray in favor of violence. Reward for good and punishment for evil are part of the Lord’s system. Perhaps in many social structures, the majority stay away from many evils because of the fear of punishment. Urban systems and traffic laws, which are often protected by regulations, remain in place, where financial or non-financial penalties to be meted out for violation.
Many mistakes are rampant in our country because exemplary punishments are not taken.
The stern warnings to those who mocked the Prophetﷺ of goodness, are warnings that we should not fall into such faults.
Let’s continue the journey through the path of the beloved Prophet ﷺ, who patiently seeks survival in the midst of criticism to protect the ideal.
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Allah comforted the Prophet ﷺ in all difficult times. He presented the Qur’anic verses. In some cases it was manifested by the Prophet ﷺ in the form of “Miracle” or “Mu’jizat”. The splitting of the moon was an important event that occurred during this period. This is the theme of the first two verses of the Al-Qamar chapter of the Holy Qur’an. The idea of the verses can be read like this. “The hour drew nigh and the Moon did rend asunder ! And if they see a miracle, they turn aside and say: Transient magic”. Detailed description of this miracle can be found in many Hadeeth texts. In epistemology it is “Tawatur”, that is numerous scholars have reported this miracle. Narrated by Imam Ahmad (R) Anas (R) says. The people of Mecca asked the Prophet ﷺ for a sign. Thus the moon split. This happened twice. There is another narration by Imam Bukhari(R) : ‘the Meccans asked the Prophet ﷺ a sign to prove his prophecy. He showed them the moon split in two parts. Between the two splits they saw the Mount Hira.
This incident gave more confidence to the believers. But the enemies raised a new allegation. They called it a sorcery from the part of Muhammad ﷺ. But some of them asked. Are you saying that the entire people were enchanted in magic at the same time?
Different details can be read about this event in various narrations. The moon was seen split in two on the top of two hills. Then the Prophet ﷺ asked the Quraish if they did not see this. This was an event that everyone who was awake in Mecca was aware of.
The miraculous events presented by the Prophets are called ‘Mu’jizat’. They happen not based on any cause. Therefore, the argument that such things should be scientifically proven, is irrelevant . How we understand divinity, prophecy, and divine message, through the same way Mu’jizat should also be understood basically.
This does not mean that these are just concepts. On the contrary, all aspects of these realities are not necessarily be convinced by our mere intellect and studies.
For example, anyone who properly observes this universe will be convinced that this world has and should have a director and protector . But why can’t I see that director? If I say that I will not accept anything that is not palpable to my eyes or senses, the problem is not with God’s presence, but with the person who argues that everything should be evident in my small mind and eyes.
Think again. The Meccans asked the Prophet ﷺfor a proof. The Prophet ﷺ said to look at the moon. Everyone looked. Yes, the moon stands in two parts. All those who were there, saw it. Those who did not want to accept it accused it as sorcery. But it was not proved by any one that any sorcerer ever did the same. This event was undeniably reported in a manner that quoted other historical events. What else is needed?
It is true that the moon split into two parts, but how did it come about? What distinguished the prophets was that they(prophets) did ‘what others could not determine how’. That is when it becomes a miracle.
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“Rajab” Twenty-Seventh night in the eleventh year of the declaration of prophecy . It was a night of recognition and comfort for the Holy Prophet ﷺ, who was overcoming difficulties on the way of preaching. Or the moment of Mi’raj and Isra’ when Allah, the Lord of the Universe, invited the Prophet ﷺ to the highest heights and had a special conversation.
Isra’a is technically the night journey from Mecca to Baitul Muqaddas. The seventeenth chapter of the Holy Qur’an is also called Isra’a. The opening verse of this chapter refers to the night journey of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. The idea is as follows: “How holy is He who in one night moved His special servant from Masjid Haram to Masjid Al Aqsa, of which have blessed the precincts”. Verses one to eighteen of the ‘Al Najm’ chapter of the Holy Qur’an refer to this event.
There are many narrations in the books about this very special event in the life of the Prophet ﷺ. The Prophet ﷺ was in the house of Ummu Hani, the daughter of Abu Talib, the paternal uncle of the Prophet ﷺ. When everyone was asleep, Gibreel approached the Prophet ﷺ. Anas (R) quots from Abu Dharr (R). The Prophetﷺ says. ‘Gibreel appeared through a gap in the roof of the house. He came to me and opened my chest. Washed it with the Zamzam water. Then brought a golden plate. It was filled with faith and philosophy or Eeman and Hikmat. It poured into my heart. Then chest arranged to former state . Then took my hand and rose to the sky. From Mecca to Baitul Muqadas was on a vehicle called Buraq. A type of animal smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey. The animal was Buraq. There are those who said that the name ‘Buraq’ was used from the Arabic word ‘Barq’ which means lightning, meaning a vehicle that travels at lightning speed. It was the vehicle used by the previous prophets. In some reports, It was the vehicle that Prophet Ibraheem used to come and go to Mecca.
Buraq took every step in split-seconds and quickly reached Baitul Muqaddas. He saw many wonderful sights on the way. He visited Hebron and Bat Lahem. He traveled near the red hill where Prophet Moosa was entombed. He saw the sight of Prophet Moosa praying inside the tomb. He saw many scenes that commemorated the previous prophets and people. When he arrived at some special places, according to the instructions of Gibreel. He came down and performed the prayer. He also came down to Tawaiba or Madeena. He saw various types of punishments. The details were told to the Prophetﷺ Jibreel. The scenes of the pleasures experienced by the righteous predecessors were seen. Jibreel explained who they were.
When they reached Baitul Muqaddas, all the prophets of old were there to receive them. At first, only the Prophet and Jibreel performed the prayer. After that, the Prophet ﷺ led the congregational prayer as the imam of all the prophets.
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There are different accounts of various scenes during the journeys, “Isra’u and Mi’raj.There is a chapter in ‘Sublul Huda’ as a collection of what is available from these accounts. Its summary can be read as follows.
The Prophet ﷺ set out from Mecca with Gibreel (A)on his right and Michael(A)on his left. Reached a land full of palm trees. GIbreel told the Prophet ﷺ to get down there and pray. The Prophet ﷺ did so and then continued his journey. Then Gibreel(A) asked. Do you know which area is this, which you performed prayer?. The Prophet ﷺ said, “I don’t know.” Gibreel(A) continued. This is Twayba. This is where you have to migrate and reach. Buraq moved forward. Reached a nearby land. Gibreel asked the Prophet ﷺ to get down there and pray. Do you know where this is? The Prophet ﷺ replied ‘no’. This is “Madyan”. Near the tree of prophet Moosa (A) . He went forward again. He got down in a nearby place and prayed. Then Gibreel explained. This is ‘Mount Sinai’ where Prophet Moosa heard the word of Allah.
After that he came to a land where forts are found. The prayer was performed..This area was described by Gibreel as Bethlehem, the birthplace of the Prophet, Jesus. When he proceeded a little further, the Ifreet of the demon class was seen with flame. Every time he looks back, sees that flame. Jibreel recited a chant to the Prophet ﷺ. The beginning of the chant is ‘Qul Aaodu Bi Wajhillahil Kareem…’. Gibreel said that if he recited it, the visible flame would be extinguished. Thus the Prophet ﷺ recited it. Ifreet’s flame was extinguished as he was told. Ifreet fell on his face.
The journey moved forward and came to a people. They sow one day and reap the next day. As they reap, the crops return to their former state. The Prophet ﷺ asked Gibreel(A). Who are these? These are the ones who have spent their lives in the way of Allah. Their good deeds will be rewarded seventy thousand times. They will be rewarded for all that they have spent. Then there is a wonderful fragrance. The Prophet ﷺ asked. What is this? It is the fragrance of Pharaoh’s daughter’s attendant Mashita (who used to comb her hair) and her children. They were killed by being thrown into boiling oil for believing that Allah is their Lord and Lord of the world and not Pharaoh.
Then came near a group of people whose heads are smashed and returned to former state. This punishment is repeated. Gibreel explained that this is the sight of the punishment suffered by those who forsook prayer and occupied themselves with other things. Then he saw another group. A piece was placed in the front and back of them. They were grazing like quadrupeds. They were grazing on pus and thistles, part of the punishments prepared for the people of hell. The Prophet ﷺ asked Who are they ? Gibreel(A) explained that it is the sight of the punishments suffered by those who do not give alms. Another group was met. There is fresh meat in one bowl in front of them and unclean meat in another bowl. But they ate the unclean meat. Gibreel(A) explained . They were those who were not satisfied with their permitted spouses and slept with others.
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The Prophet ﷺ continued his journey. There was a piece of wood on the way. The clothes and other things of everyone who passed by it, were torn .The Prophet ﷺ asked for the explanation. They are the people who used to disturb the passers by sitting on the way side. Gibreel (A) described.
The journey continued. Usury- eaters, unfaithful, disruptive speakers, those who talk but don’t keep their word. Forms of punishment suffered by these groups , visions of heaven and hell, the real form of ‘Dajjal’, and material world dressed like a beautiful woman . He came to Baitul Muqaddas after seeing these scenes.
We can combine the reports which describe the scenes where the Prophet ﷺ and Gibreel(A) arrived at Baitul Muqaddas, like this. The Prophet ﷺ and Gibreel(A) entered through the ‘Yamani’ gate of Baitul Muqaddas. They saw two lights shining on both sides. He explained. The light on the right came from the mihrab of his brother Dawood (A) and the light on the left came from outside the grave of his sister Maryam (R). Then Gibreel made a hole in a rock there. Buraq was tied to it. The other prophets also tied their vehicles there. When Gibreel (A) entered the floor of the masjid, he asked, “Did he pray to Allah to see the Hooruleen?” The Prophet ﷺ said ‘yes’. Gibreel(A)said, go there and greet the women there. The Prophet ﷺ went there. Said ‘Salaam’. They returned Salam. The Prophet ﷺ asked. Who are you? We are the ‘Khairatun Hisan’ or the wives of the nobles and pious. They were on the left side of the special stone in the courtyard of Masjid al-Aqsa. They are symbols of infinite beauty and elegance.
Then he entered the masjid. The Prophet ﷺ and Gibreel(A)prayed two rak’ats . After a little while, many people arrived. Other prophets were in ruku’ and sujood. Gibreel(A) performed the ‘adan’ . Angels appeared from the upper world. When the Iqamat(call to prayer) was performed , they all led the Prophet ﷺ as Imam. Do you know who prayed with you ? They are the Prophets before you .The forty-seventh verse of Zukhruf chapter mentions the fact that he was told to talk to the prophets gathered there. The idea is as follows: “Ask the Prophets appointed in the past, “O Prophets, have We appointed anything other than Allah as objects of worship?”
Each of the prophets shared their positions and praised Allah. Prophet Ibraheem(A) said, All praise be to Allah who has made me ‘Khaleel’. He saved me from the fire. Made big fire pit calm and cool for me . I was bestowed with the title “an exemplar or a nation “. Prophet Moosa(A) said. I praise Allah. He chose me as the ‘Kaleemullahi’ or Allah’s special interlocutor. He brought about the end of Pharaoh and the salvation of Israel through me. ‘He made my people righteous and straight’. Said prophet Davood(A). I was given authority. ‘Given the Veda, Zaboor. Made iron soft for me. Made the mountain subdued to me. Blessed me with wisdom and eloquence.
اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِنٰا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلِّمْ
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Prophet Sulaiman(A) said, “O Allah, I praise you. You gave me control over the human and demons. They built buildings and structures for me. They worked at my command like servants. O Allah, you taught me the language of birds. Many blessings in every fields. Blessed me with special and great authority.
Prophet Easa(A) said. I praise You, O Allah, You have chosen me as Your word or ‘Kalimat’. You have created me from the clay in a special form like Adam (A). Given me the scriptures and philosophy. Revealed the Injeel and Torah for me. Special security was provided. By the ability you have given, the power to raise the dead. And to heal the blind and those who afflicted with leprosy. Mother and I were given special protection from demonic influence.
The Prophet ﷺ started saying after the words of praise of the Prophets. All of you thanked Allah. I am also praising Allah. ‘Praise be to Allah, who appointed me as good tiding and warning to the entire human race, and sent me as ‘mercy’ to the world. He presented the holy Qur’an to me as a guide for everyone. My community has been designated as the best community in the human race. Made my community last in mission and first in glory. Elevated my status and broadened my heart and cleaned of impurities.
Then the prophets(A) talked about the Last Day. Let Prophet Ibraheem (A) tell about it . He said, “I don’t know.” Prophet Moosa also said ‘I don’t know’. Finally reached the turn of prophet Easa(A). He said. ‘Anyway the doomsday will come but I don’t know when. But Allah has informed me one thing. It is about the coming of Dajjal. Dajjal will be killed when I am assigned to the earth for the second time. The stones will speak for the Muslims. The coming of gog and magog. Such details were given by prophet Easa(A).
The Prophet ﷺ felt very thirsty, so drinks were brought in two vessels, milk from one side and honey from the other. Another report says that: three covered vessels were brought. Drank a little from one vessel. It was water in it. And drank more from the second vessel. It was milk in it. Didn’t drank from the third. When asked, it was refused. There was alcohol in it. One of the reporters says it was ‘honey’ instead of water. Jibreel said. Alcohol is forbidden for your community. When the Prophetﷺ chose milk, Gibreel (A)patted on the two shoulders of the Prophetﷺ and said. If the water was completely used, your community would have drowned. An old man sitting on a high seat said, “Oh, Gibreel, the great person you have brought here, selected ‘purity’. Surely he is the one who guide to the right path.
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The Prophet ﷺ stood in the courtyard of Masjid al-Aqsa on the back of a special stone. A unique staircase to the heavens was presented. Stairs for souls to ascend to the heights. A beautiful object. As like there is no other creation so beautiful. Stairs made of coral accompanied by angels on the right and left. The Prophet ﷺ ascended to the upper world with Gibreel(A). Reached in front of the gate of heaven .It is called “Hafaza” gate. An angel named ‘Ismail’ guards there.Gibreel(A) asked to open the gate of heaven. Who? The question came. Gibreel said ‘I am Gibreel’. Who is with you?. Muhammad ﷺ. Gibreel(A) replied. Oh, is he assigned as Prophet !?. ‘Yes’ answered again. Welcome . What a noble brother!, what a good representative!. How noble are the comers !. The gate was opened. When he reached the first sphere of the sky, Adam (A) was standing in the same form, when he was created. The good souls of the believers were lined in front of Adam (A).He asked to send those souls to the ‘Illiyyeen’. The bad souls of unbelievers and others are also brought . Then Prophet Adam (A) said: ‘ send those bad souls to ‘Sijjeen’. There is a group on the right side. Fragrance comes from their gate. On the left side there is a group. A foul smell comes from their door. He looks to the right and laughs and rejoices, and looks to the left and cries in sorrow.
The Prophet ﷺ greeted Adam(A).He returned the ‘Salaam’. Welcome to the pious son. Welcome to the pious Prophet. The Prophet ﷺ asked Gibreel(A), ‘who is this’. The angel said, this is your father, Adam (A). The door seen on the right side, is the gate to heaven. He will be happy when he sees his offsprings who pass through it. He will be sad when he sees the people who enter through the door to hell, which is on the left.
Then Prophet ﷺ slowly moved forward. There are many dinner tables. Good meat is served on them. But there is no one near it. Bad meat is placed on the next few tables. There are many people sitting and eating. The Prophetﷺ asked who are they ? Gibreel (A) said: They are from his community who have abandoned what is allowed and accepted what is forbidden. In another narration, we can read like this. On a plate is a good fried meat. In another part lies the meat of dead animal . The Prophetﷺ asked. Who are these people who eat this bad meat, avoiding good food. They are adulterers who slept with forbidden ones instead of permitted spouses.
Then the Prophet ﷺ moved a little further. There was a group of people. Their bellies were like big houses. The snakes in the stomach can be seen from the outside. They fall down when they are ready to get up. Gibreel (A) explained that this group was the usurers. There were other groups of people like those who stole the property of the orphans, those who buried the girls alive , those who walk with gossip and scandals . Gibreel(A)described each group of them.
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The Prophetﷺ moved forward and reached the second sphere of heaven. Gibireel(A) asked to open the door. Who. The question came. ‘I am Gibreel’. The next question came. Who is with you?. ‘Muhammadﷺ’. Gibreel(A) answered. Oh, he is appointed! , Isn’t he?. Welcome. The gate was opened. There are two prophets. Prophet Easa(A) and Prophet Yahya(A). There are many similarities between the two. In clothes and hair, etc. And there is a group of followers. If you see prophet Easa(A), he is a man with a red and white complexion. He has good hair. If you look at him suddenly, he looks like he is just coming after bath. He is like Urwath bin Masuood Saqafi(R) in form.
The Prophetﷺ greeted both of them. The Prophetﷺ continued his journey. They greeted him back. Greeted them saying ‘welcome to good brother and prophet’. Then continued his journey.
He went up to the third sphere. Asked to open as in the previous sphere and exchanged words of welcome. There was Prophet Yusuf(A.) Welcomed the Prophetﷺ. Prayed for goodness. Half of human beauty can be found in Prophet Yusuf(A) himself. Yusuf(A) is the most beautiful of Allah’s creations like the full moon among the stars. He was introduced to Prophetﷺ by Gibreel (A).
After ascending to the fourth sphere, met the Prophet Idrees(A). After the initial steps of greetings and prayers, ascended to the fifth sphere.There met Prophet Haroon (A). He welcomed him heartily. Prophet Haroon’s (A)beard was half white and the rest black. His beard reached almost to the navel. He was telling story with some of his followers. Gibreel (A) introduced Prophet Haroon(A).
The Prophetﷺ and Gibreel(A) reached the sixth sphere of the sky. As in the previous scenes, the welcome ceremony was over. There were many prophets with small and big groups. Thus, a large group went forward. It is Prophet Moosa(A) and his followers. Then a message came. Raise your head. The great group that is seen is the community of Prophet Muhammadﷺ. It is a large group covering the whole realms. In addition to this, there are seventy thousand people who will enter heaven without trial.
Prophet Moosa(A) was a tall person and at first glance he looked like the man of the ‘Shanua’ tribe.
The Prophetﷺ greeted Moosa(A) and he said. The Israelites say that I am the greatest among all, but Muhammadﷺ is the loftiest. The Prophetﷺ parted with Moosa(A) and moved forward. The eyes of prophet Moosa(A) filled with tears. He was asked. Why are you crying? The answer was like this. Didn’t you see that my successor, the prophet Muhammadﷺ, will enter heaven with a larger group than me. This prophetﷺ came to the physical world after I had traveled to the hereafter. But he will go to heaven with many times more people than my community.
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The journey reached the Seventh stage. Apart from other spheres, thunders are heard. Gibreel (A)led the Prophet ﷺ to the gate of heaven. After the formal conversation , blessed the Prophet ﷺ with special prayer. When the gate of the seventh sphere was opened, he began to hear the words of Tasbeeh or the glorification of Allah. There was Ibraheem (A). He specially received the beloved Prophetﷺ. He shared his happiness saying, ‘Welcome to the virtuous Prophet and son.’ Then he advised the Prophet ﷺ. He should tell his community to cultivate more to heaven. The soil there is vast and holy. The Prophetﷺ asked. What is the harvest of heaven? He said.’ La houla wala quwwata illa billahil Aliyyil Aleem’ is the chant. This can also be seen in another report . Prophet Ibraheem (A)said to the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Convey my greetings to your community. Then tell them that the land of heaven is vast and colorful. Tell them to harvest there. What is the yield? The chant of ‘Subhanallahi walhamdu lillahi wa lailaha illallahu Allahu Akbar’ (Glory be to Allah), is the fruit of heaven.
A group of people were sitting near Prophet Ibrahim(A) with white appearance – a few others near them are a little faded in color. When the second group went down a stream, their appearance changed. Then they also sat down with first group. The Prophet ﷺ asked Gibreel. Who are these two groups? Answered. The first category is those who have done good deeds only. They didn’t mix good with bad . The second group is those who have mixed good deeds with bad. They purified themselves from the ‘stream of forgiveness’ and joined the righteous. The first of these visible rivers is, ‘the mercy of Allah’, the second is ‘the blessing of Allah’ and the third is ‘the holy drink’.
When he reached a place, the Prophet ﷺ was told. This is the place of you and your community. The community of the Prophet ﷺ was seen there in two groups. One group were well-dressed and the other group were those who were wearing slightly dusty clothes. They entered a special house named “Baitul Ma’moor”. The well-dressed people became the protectors for the second group. Seventy thousand enter Baitul Ma’mur daily and they will never return until the Day of Judgment. The Hadeeth mentions that ‘Baitul Ma’mur’ is the spiritual house located in the upper sphere in the straight line of the holy Ka’aba in Mecca. The fourth verse of the ‘At-tur’ chapter of the Holy Qur’an mentions ‘this special house.
As a continuation of this, a part quoted by Imam Tabrani(R)can be read as follows. It tells about the journey of the Prophet ﷺ in the upper world. Gibreel(A)became the most humble when he reached the highest, especially “Al Malaul Aa’la”. He was humbled like a sackcloth. Al Malaul Aala is said to be the world of the angels closest to Allah.